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Rheologica Acta

, Volume 48, Issue 8, pp 871–881 | Cite as

New insights on fumed colloidal rheology—shear thickening and vorticity-aligned structures in flocculating dispersions

  • Ajay Singh Negi
  • Chinedum O. OsujiEmail author
Original Contribution

Abstract

We investigate the rheology of dilute dispersions of fumed colloidal particles with attractive interactions in hydrocarbon liquids. Surprisingly, these systems display shear thickening due to the breakdown of densified flocs and a concomitant increase in the effective volume fraction of the fractal particles in the fluid. We show that this shear thickening is controlled by a critical stress and accompanied by a positive increase in the first normal stress difference, N 1, at the shear thickening transition. This is in contrast to the well-known hydrocluster mechanism of shear thickening in concentrated hard-sphere and repulsive systems. Gel elasticity depends strongly on the stress applied to suspensions in preshear, scaling roughly as \(G'\sim\sigma_{\text{preshear}}^{2}\). We propose a simple model to account for these results in terms of the cluster number density determined by the preshear stress. At low shear rates, vorticity-aligned aggregates are present at \(\dot\gamma\approx 10^0 {\rm{s}}^{-1}\) . In this regime, the system displays a small but noticeable increase in viscosity on increasing shear rate. We investigate the effect of tool roughness and find that wall slip is not responsible for the observed phenomena. Instead, the increase in the apparent viscosity results from increased flow resistance due to the presence of gap-spanning log-like flocs in rolling flow.

Keywords

Carbon black Colloidal gels Shear thickening Stress relaxation Flocculation Shear-induced structures 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge Dr. Chanjoong Kim and Prof. David Weitz of Harvard University for fruitful discussions and funding from the National Science Foundation under grant number CBET-0828905.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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