Preparation and characterization of well-defined sterically stabilized latex particles with narrow size distribution
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The synthesis and comprehensive characterization of a purely sterically stabilized latex with narrow size distribution is reported. By use of non-ionic initiators no chemically bound surface charges are generated. Stabilization of the particles is achieved through use of a non-ionic surfactant having a double bond in the hydrophobic part which is chemically bound to the surface. Analysis of the latex particles thus generated by transmission electron microscopy, disc centrifugation, and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) reveals that the size distribution is narrow (standard deviation between 6 and 10%). SAXS furthermore demonstrates that the surfactant is located in a thin layer on the surface. The interaction of the particles is purely repulsive as shown by the analysis of the turbidity of the latex. The systems obtained herein may serve as model systems of water-borne purely sterically stabilized colloid particles.
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