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The immobilization of lanthanide (III) cations on a polymer containing quaternary ammonium nitrogen: influence of the temperature and pH, process kinetics

  • Vasile GutsanuEmail author
  • Cristina Grecu
Original Contribution
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

The immobilization of lanthanide (III) cations on the Purolite A-400, a cross-linked polymer containing –R4N+ groups, was investigated. This type of polymers theoretically cannot retain metal cations from solutions. We assume that cations sorption on this polymer takes place due to the formation of jarosite mineral–type compounds. By increasing the temperature in the range of 0–60 °C, the cations sorption increases slightly but in the pH range of 2–6, it increases more considerable in the following order: La3+˂ Nd3+ ˂ Eu3+ ≈ Er3+. The sorption at 21 and 50 °C is adequately described by the pseudo-first-order (PFO) kinetic model, and the limiting step of the rate which decreases in order Er3+ ˃ Eu3+ ˃ Nd3+ ˃ La3+ is internal diffusion.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Lanthanide (III) cations Immobilization Sorption Cross-linked polymer Sorption kinetics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The author thanks Ph. D Lilia Anghel for providing language help.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Moldova State UniversityChisinauMoldova

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