Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 11–12, pp 1519–1527 | Cite as

Interaction of ninhydrin with zinc(II) complex of tryptophan in the three dicationic gemini surfactants

  • Malik Abdul Rub
  • Dileep KumarEmail author
Original Contribution


Present work concerns with the interaction of ninhydrin with zinc(II) complex of tryptophan ([Zn(II)-Trp]+) in the three dicationic gemini surfactant systems. To record critical micellar concentration (CMC) and absorbance, we have used Systronics conductivity meter and UV-visible spectrophotometer, respectively. Experiment opens up the fractional- and first-order paths in ninhydrin and complex, respectively. Gemini micellar medium is found more superior over aqueous medium. Rate constant (kψ) vs. [gemini] plot shows the unusual role of geminis on kψ. kψ increases with gemini concentration (at concentrations lower than the CMC, part I) and leveling-off regions obtain (concentration up to 400 × 10−5 mol dm−3, part II). Characteristics of part I and part II are just the same as that of conventional surfactant. Later, gemini produces a third region of increasing kψ at higher concentrations ([gemini] > 400 × 10−5 mol dm−3, part III). Detail and systematic elucidation about the effect of surfactants are mentioned and discussed in the text. Binding constants (KS for [Zn(II)-Trp]+ and KN for ninhydrin) and rate constant (km in geminis) were determined by nonlinear least squares regression technique. The kinetic results acquired can reasonably be interpreted by pseudo-phase model of surfactant micelles.


Gemini surfactants Interfaces CMC [Zn(II)-Trp]+ Ninhydrin 



This project was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research (DSR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, under grant No. (DF-071-130-1441). The authors, therefore, gratefully acknowledge DSR technical and financial support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Division of Computational Physics, Institute for Computational ScienceTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Faculty of Applied SciencesTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam

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