Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 293, Issue 10, pp 2985–2993 | Cite as

Fabrication of non-close-packed colloidal monolayers by convective self-assembly using cationic polyelectrolyte-grafted silica particles

  • Shintaro MorisadaEmail author
  • Shoko Kojima
  • Takahiro Sumi
  • Hidetaka Kawakita
  • Keisuke Ohto
Original Contribution


Two cationic polyelectrolytes, poly((3-acrylamidopropyl)trimethylammonium chloride) (PAPTAC) and poly(vinylbenzyl trimethylammonium chloride) (PVBTA), have been grafted on the surface of the silica particles, and then these polyelectrolyte-grafted silica particles have been applied to the convective self-assembly (CSA) process using mica substrate to prepare colloidal layers. When the PAPTAC-grafted silica particles (PAPTAC-Si) were used, we obtained the colloidal monolayers with a curious pattern composed of many wiggle beads. By the CSA process using the PVBATA-grafted silica particles (PVBTA-Si), on the other hand, we succeeded in fabricating the colloidal monolayers having a somewhat constant interparticle distance, that is, a non-close-packed (NCP) structure without using any templates. Although both particles have cationic polyelectrolytes on their surfaces, the structures of the resultant colloidal monolayers are quite different from each other, indicating that the molecular structure of the grafted polymer is crucially important for the patterning of the colloidal layers through the CSA process.


Colloidal monolayer Non-close-packed structure Polyelectrolyte-grafted silica particle Convective self-assembly 



This work was partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 26420767 and Saga University Dean’s Grant 2013 for promising young researchers.

Supplementary material

396_2015_3706_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (728 kb)
Fig. S1 (PDF 728 kb)
Movie S1

Movies of the behavior of the water droplet placed on the colloildal multilayers (MPG 4.03 mb)

Movie S2

Movies of the behavior of the water droplet placed on the colloildal multilayers (MPG 3.99 mb)

Movie S3

Movies of the behavior of the water droplet placed on the colloildal multilayers (MPG 4.14 mb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shintaro Morisada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shoko Kojima
    • 2
  • Takahiro Sumi
    • 1
  • Hidetaka Kawakita
    • 1
  • Keisuke Ohto
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Applied ChemistrySaga UniversitySagaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Chemistry and EngineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyYokohamaJapan

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