Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 287, Issue 8, pp 943–950 | Cite as

Electrospinning and characterization of poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan oligosaccharide/clay nanocomposite nanofibers in aqueous solutions

  • Jae Hyeung Park
  • Hyun Woo Lee
  • Dong Keun Chae
  • Weontae Oh
  • Jae Deuk Yun
  • Yulin Deng
  • Jeong Hyun Yeum
Original Contribution

Abstract

Submicron fibers of the composite of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), chitosan oligosaccharide [COS, (1→4)2-amino-2-deoxy-β-d-glucose], and montmorillonite clay (MMT) were prepared using electrospinning method with aqueous solutions. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analyzer, and tensile strength testing machine (Zwick) were utilized to characterize the PVA/COS/MMT nanofiber mats morphology and properties. The PVA/COS ratio and MMT concentration play important roles in nanofiber mat properties. XRD and TEM data demonstrated that exfoliated MMT layers were well-distributed within nanofiber. It was also found that the mechanical property and thermal stability were increased with COS and MMT contents.

Keywords

Poly(vinyl alcohol) Chitosan oligosaccharide Montmorillonite Electrospinning Nanofiber mat 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae Hyeung Park
    • 1
  • Hyun Woo Lee
    • 1
  • Dong Keun Chae
    • 1
  • Weontae Oh
    • 2
  • Jae Deuk Yun
    • 3
  • Yulin Deng
    • 3
  • Jeong Hyun Yeum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of NanoEngineeringDong-eui UniversityBusanSouth Korea
  3. 3.School of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

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