Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 287, Issue 7, pp 751–758 | Cite as

Electrospinning and characterization of medium-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol)/high-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol)/montmorillonite nanofibers

  • Hyun Mi Ji
  • Hyun Woo Lee
  • Mohammad Rezaul Karim
  • In Woo Cheong
  • Eun A. Bae
  • Tae Hun Kim
  • Md. Shahidul Islam
  • Byung Chul Ji
  • Jeong Hyun Yeum
Original Contribution

Abstract

Submicron fibers of medium-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol) (MMW-PVA), high-molecular-weight poly(vinyl alcohol) (HMW-PVA), and montmorillonite clay (MMT) in aqueous solutions were prepared by electrospinning technique. The effect of HMW-PVA and MMT on the morphology and mechanical properties of the MMW-PVA/HMW-PVA/MMT nanofibers were investigated for the first time. Scanning electron microscopy, viscometer, tensile strength testing machine, thermal gravimetric analyzer (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were utilized to characterize the PVA/MMT nanofibers morphology and properties. The MMW-PVA/HMW-PVA ratios and MMT concentration played important roles in nanofiber's properties. TEM data demonstrated that exfoliated MMT layers were well distributed within nanofibers. It was also found that the mechanical property and thermal stability were increased with HMW-PVA and MMT contents.

Keywords

Nanofibers Poly(vinyl alcohol) Montmorillonite Electrospinning 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun Mi Ji
    • 1
  • Hyun Woo Lee
    • 1
  • Mohammad Rezaul Karim
    • 1
  • In Woo Cheong
    • 2
  • Eun A. Bae
    • 3
  • Tae Hun Kim
    • 3
  • Md. Shahidul Islam
    • 1
  • Byung Chul Ji
    • 1
  • Jeong Hyun Yeum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Advanced Organic Materials Science and EngineeringKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Applied ChemistryKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of R&DGlobal Challenge Co. Ltd.DaeguSouth Korea

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