A new kind of pH- and temperature-responsive semi-interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel based on linear carboxymethylchitosan (CMCS) and poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) crosslinked by inorganic clay was prepared. The pH-and temperature-responsive behaviors, the deswelling kinetics, and the mechanical properties of the hydrogel were investigated. The hydrogels exhibited a volume phase transition temperature around 33 °C with no significant deviation from the conventional PNIPA hydrogels. The results of the influence of pH value on the swelling behaviors showed that the minimum swelling ratios of the hydrogels appeared near the isoelectric point (IEP) of CMCS, and when pH deviated from the IEP, the hydrogels behaved as polycations or polyanions. The novel hydrogels had much higher response rate than the conventional CMCS/PNIPA hydrogels. Moreover, the semi-IPN hydrogels crosslinked by clay could be elongated to more than 800% and the elongation could be recovered almost completely and instantaneously.