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Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 284, Issue 2, pp 134–141 | Cite as

Relationship between electrical resistivity and particle dispersion state for carbon black filled poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)/poly (L-lactic acid) blend

  • Arinobu Katada
  • Yose Fachmi Buys
  • Yoichi Tominaga
  • Shigeo Asai
  • Masao Sumita
Original contribution

Abstract

It is known that the electrical volume resistivity of insulating polymers filled with conductive fillers suddenly decreases at a certain content of filler. This phenomenon is called percolation. Therefore, it is known that controlling resistivity in the semi-conductive region for carbon black (CB) filled composites is very difficult. When poly (ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) is used as a matrix, the percolation curve becomes gradual because CB particles disperse well in EVA. In this study, the relationship between the dispersion state of CB particles and electrical resistivity for EVA/poly (L-lactic acid) (PLLA) filled with CB composite was investigated. The apparent phase separation was seen in the SEM photograph. It was predicted that the CB particles located into the EVA phase in the light of thermodynamical consideration, which was estimated from the wetting coefficient between polymer matrix and CB particles. The total surface area per unit mass of dispersed CB particles in the polymer blend matrix was estimated from small-angle X-ray scattering and the volume resistivity decreased with increasing CB content. The values of the surface area of CB particles in CB filled EVA/PLLA (25/75 wt%) and EVA/PLLA (50/50 wt%) polymer blends showed a value similar to that of the CB filled EVA single polymer matrix. In electrical volume resistivity measurement, moreover, the slopes of percolation curves of EVA/PLLA (25/75 wt%) and EVA/PLLA (50/50 wt%) filled with CB composite are similar to that of EVA single polymer filled with CB composite. As a result, it was found that CB particles selectively locate in the EVA phase, and then the particle forms conductive networks similar to the networks in the case of EVA single polymer used as a matrix.

Keywords

Polymer composite materials Filler Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) Poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arinobu Katada
    • 1
  • Yose Fachmi Buys
    • 1
  • Yoichi Tominaga
    • 1
  • Shigeo Asai
    • 1
  • Masao Sumita
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Materials ScienceTokyo Institute of TechnologyMeguro-Ku, TokyoJapan

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