A thermodynamic study of the aggregation process of oxacillin sodium salt in aqueous solution
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The aggregation characteristics of oxacillin in aqueous solutions have been examined by means of conductivity measurements over the temperature range 288.15–313.15 K and by static light scattering measurements at 298.15 K. Two critical concentrations were detected in conductivity and light scattering over the concentration range 0–0.35 mol kg–1. Light scattering measurements indicate the formation of dimers at the first critical concentration (0.024 mol kg–1) and the subsequent formation of aggregates with an aggregation number of 8 at the second critical concentration (0.104 molkg–1). The thermodynamic parameters of aggregation were derived from the critical concentration data using a mass-action model that has been modified for application to systems of low aggregation number. Values for the enthalpy of aggregate formation calculated by this method showed that the aggregation became increasingly exothermic with increasing temperature. The values of the two critical concentrations show that this penicillin, oxacillin, is more hydrophobic than other molecules of similar structure.
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