Role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases

  • Dongling Liu
  • Xiang Zeng
  • Xiao Li
  • Jawahar L. Mehta
  • Xianwei WangEmail author


NLRP3 inflammasome is a key multiprotein signaling platform that tightly controls inflammatory responses and coordinates antimicrobial host defenses by activating caspase-1 for the subsequent maturation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1β and IL-18, and induces pyroptosis. The assembly and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome are linked to the pathogenesis of several cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as hypertension and diabetes, and their major consequences—myocardial remodeling. The study of the NLRP3 inflammasome in these cardiovascular disease states may uncover important triggers and endogenous modulators of the disease, and lead to new treatment strategies. This review outlines current insights into NLRP3 inflammasome research associated with cardiovascular diseases and discusses the questions that remain in this field.


NLRP3 inflammasome IL-1β Caspase-1 Inflammation Cardiovascular diseases 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81370428), research grant of Xinxiang Medical University (nos. 300/505186 and 300/505233), and the Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Henan Key Laboratory of Medical Tissue RegenerationXinxiang Medical UniversityXinxiangChina
  2. 2.Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public HealthXinxiang Medical UniversityXinxiangChina
  3. 3.Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System and the Division of CardiologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA

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