Basic Research in Cardiology

, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 131–139 | Cite as

Mitochondrial pathways for ROS formation and myocardial injury: the relevance of p66Shc and monoamine oxidase

  • Fabio Di Lisa
  • Nina Kaludercic
  • Andrea Carpi
  • Roberta Menabò
  • Marco Giorgio
Review

Abstract

Although mitochondria are considered the most relevant site for the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiac myocytes, a major and unsolved issue is where ROS are generated in mitochondria. Respiratory chain is generally indicated as a main site for ROS formation. However, other mitochondrial components are likely to contribute to ROS generation. Recent reports highlight the relevance of monoamine oxidases (MAO) and p66Shc. The importance of these systems in the irreversibility of ischemic heart injury will be discussed along with the cardioprotective effects elicited by both MAO inhibition and p66Shc knockout. Finally, recent evidence will be reviewed that highlight the relevance of mitochondrial ROS formation also in myocardial failure and atherosclerosis.

Keywords

Oxidative stress Mitochondria p66Shc Monoamine oxidase 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been supported by University of Padova (Post-Doctoral Fellowship to NK), MIUR and CNR.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Di Lisa
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nina Kaludercic
    • 1
  • Andrea Carpi
    • 1
  • Roberta Menabò
    • 2
  • Marco Giorgio
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.Institute for NeuroscienceCNRPadovaItaly
  3. 3.Dip. di Scienze Biomediche SperimentaliPadovaItaly
  4. 4.European Institute of OncologyMilanItaly

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