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Switching from high-fat diet to foods containing resveratrol as a calorie restriction mimetic changes the architecture of arcuate nucleus to produce more newborn anorexigenic neurons

  • Maryam Safahani
  • Hadi Aligholi
  • Farshid Noorbakhsh
  • Mahmoud Djalali
  • Hamideh Pishva
  • Sayed Mostafa Modarres Mousavi
  • Leila Alizadeh
  • Ali Gorji
  • Fariba Koohdani
Original Contribution
  • 98 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

These days, obesity threatens the health for which one of the main interventions is calorie restriction (CR). Due to the difficulty of compliance with this treatment, CR mimetics such as resveratrol (RSV) have been considered. The present study compared the effects of RSV and CR on hypothalamic remodeling in a diet-switching experiment.

Methods

C57BL/6 male mice received high-fat diet (HFD) for 4 weeks, subsequently their diet switched to chow diet, HFD + RSV, chow diet + RSV or CR diet for a further 6 weeks. Body weight, fat accumulation, hypothalamic apoptosis and expression of trophic factors as well as generation and fate specification of newborn cells in arcuate nucleus (ARC) were evaluated.

Results

Switching diet to RSV-containing foods leading to weight and fat loss after 6 weeks. In addition, not only a significant reduction in apoptosis but also a considerable increase in production of newborn cells in ARC occurred following consumption of RSV-enriched diets. These were in line with augmentation of hypothalamic ciliary neurotrophic factor and leukemia inhibitory factor expression. Interestingly, RSV-containing diets changed the fate of newborn neurons toward generation of more proopiomelanocortin than neuropeptide Y neurons. The CR had effects similar to those of RSV-containing diets in the all-evaluated aspects besides neurogenesis in ARC.

Conclusions

Although both RSV-containing and CR diets changed the fate of newborn neurons to create an anorexigenic architecture for ARC, newborn neurons were more available after switching to RSV-enriched diets. It can be consider as a promising mechanism for future investigations.

Keywords

Resveratrol Hypothalamus Obesity Calorie restriction High-fat diet Neurogenesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This investigation was supported by Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services (Grant No. 93-01-161-25558), we wish to thank the Shefa Neuroscience Research Center scientists and staff.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Safahani
    • 1
  • Hadi Aligholi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Farshid Noorbakhsh
    • 4
  • Mahmoud Djalali
    • 1
  • Hamideh Pishva
    • 1
  • Sayed Mostafa Modarres Mousavi
    • 3
  • Leila Alizadeh
    • 3
  • Ali Gorji
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
  • Fariba Koohdani
    • 1
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and DieteticsTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Neuroscience, School of Advanced Medical Sciences and TechnologiesShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  3. 3.Shefa Neuroscience Research CenterKhatam-al-Anbia HospitalTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Immunology, Faculty of MedicineTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Neurology, Department of Neurosurgery, Epilepsy Research CenterWestfälische Wilhelms-Universität MünsterMünsterGermany
  6. 6.Department of NeuroscienceMashhad University of Medical SciencesMashhadIran
  7. 7.Diabetes Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences InstituteTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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