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European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 981–989 | Cite as

Dietary intake of subjects with diabetes is inadequate in Switzerland: the CoLaus study

  • Pedro Marques-VidalEmail author
  • Peter Vollenweider
  • Matthieu Grange
  • Idris Guessous
  • Gérard Waeber
Original Contribution

Abstract

Purpose

To characterize the dietary intake of subjects aged 40–80 years according to self-reported diabetes and presence of an anti-diabetic diet.

Methods

Cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 on 4289 participants (2274 women) living in Lausanne.

Results

Of the 299 (7 %) participants with self-reported diabetes, only 151 (51 %) reported an anti-diabetic diet. Compared to participants not reporting diabetes, participants with self-reported diabetes (with or without a diet) had a higher consumption of artificial sweeteners (0.3 ± 0.7 vs. 0.4 ± 0.8 and 0.8 ± 1.0 times/day) and a lower consumption of honey/jam (mean ± standard deviation: 0.5 ± 0.5 vs. 0.4 ± 0.4 and 0.4 ± 0.4 times/day) or sugar (0.6 ± 0.9 vs. 0.4 ± 0.7 and 0.2 ± 0.5 times/day) for participants not reporting diabetes, participants with self-reported diabetes not on a diet and on a diet, respectively. Compared to participants not on a diet, participants on a diet had a higher consumption of vegetables (1.8 ± 1.3 vs. 1.4 ± 1.0 portions/day), while no differences were found regarding all other food groups and nutrients. Participants with self-reported diabetes on a diet had a higher consumption of meat (5.6 ± 3.6 vs. 4.8 ± 2.9 portions/week) and a lower consumption of simple carbohydrates (21.0 ± 7.9 vs. 23.5 ± 8.4 % total energy intake) than participants not reporting diabetes.

Conclusion

People with diabetes eat less simple carbohydrates, but do not comply with current advice on fish, nuts, fruits and vegetables. Improvement of the dietary intake in persons with diabetes in Switzerland is needed.

Keywords

Diabetes Dietary composition Dietary management Sugar Artificial sweeteners Cross-sectional study Switzerland 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The CoLaus study was and is supported by research Grants from GlaxoSmithKline, the Faculty of Biology and Medicine of Lausanne, and the Swiss National Science Foundation (Grants 33CSCO-122661, 33CS30-139468 and 33CS30-148401).

Author contributions

PMV made the statistical analyses and wrote most of the article; MG made most of the literature search, helped in data analysis and wrote part of the article; IG collected data and revised the article for important intellectual content; PV and GW conceived the study and revised the article for important intellectual content. PMV had full access to the data and is the guarantor of the study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Peter Vollenweider and Gérard Waeber report grants from Swiss National Science Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline and the Faculty of Biology and Medicine of Lausanne during the conduct of the study. Pedro Marques-Vidal reports grants from Swiss National Science Foundation during the conduct of the study. Idris Guessous reports no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

394_2015_1146_MOESM1_ESM.docx (43 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 42 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Marques-Vidal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Vollenweider
    • 1
  • Matthieu Grange
    • 1
  • Idris Guessous
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gérard Waeber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, BH10-642, Internal MedicineLausanne University Hospital (CHUV)LausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP)Lausanne University HospitalLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Unit of Population Epidemiology, Division of Primary Care Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Primary Care and Emergency MedicineGeneva University HospitalsGenevaSwitzerland

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