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European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 771–782 | Cite as

Dietary fiber intake and its association with indicators of adiposity and serum biomarkers in European adolescents: the HELENA study

  • Yi Lin
  • Inge HuybrechtsEmail author
  • Carine Vereecken
  • Theodora Mouratidou
  • Jara Valtueña
  • Mathilde Kersting
  • Marcela González-Gross
  • Selin Bolca
  • Julia Wärnberg
  • Magdalena Cuenca-García
  • Frederic Gottrand
  • Elisabetta Toti
  • Sonia Gomez-Martínez
  • Evangelia Grammatikaki
  • Idoia Labayen
  • Luis A. Moreno
  • Michael Sjöström
  • John Van Camp
  • Romana Roccaldo
  • Emma Patterson
  • Yannis Manios
  • Denes Molnar
  • Anthony Kafatos
  • Kurt Widhalm
  • Stefaan De Henauw
Original Contribution

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate total, energy-adjusted dietary fiber (DF), water-soluble fiber (WSF), and water-insoluble fiber (WIF) intakes in European adolescents and to investigate their association with indicators of adiposity and serum biomarkers.

Methods

This study, conducted from 2006 to 2007, included 1804 adolescents aged 12.5–17.5 years (47 % males) from eight European cities completing two non-consecutive computerized 24-h dietary recalls. GLM multivariate analysis was used to investigate associations.

Results

Mean DF intake (20 g/day) of the sample met the European Food Safety Authority recommendation, but was below those of the World Health Organization and of the Institute of Medicine. Total DF, WSF and WIF intakes were higher in males (P < 0.001), but following energy-adjustments significantly higher intakes were observed among females (P < 0.001). Bread and cereals contributed most to total DF, WSF and WIF intakes, followed by potatoes and grains, energy-dense but low-nutritious foods, fruits and vegetables. Moreover, energy-adjusted WSF and WIF were positively associated with body fat percentage (BF%), waist to height ratio and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while energy-adjusted WSF was inversely associated with serum fasting glucose (β = −0. 010, P = 0.020).

Conclusion

Total DF intakes are rather low in European adolescents. An inverse association with serum fasting glucose might indicate a possible beneficial role of DF in preventing insulin resistance and its concomitant diseases, even though DF intakes were positively associated with adolescents’ BF%. Therefore, further longitudinal studies should elaborate on these potential beneficial effects of DF intake in the prevention of obesity and related chronic diseases.

Keywords

Dietary fiber Adolescence Adiposity Biomarkers HELENA study 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The HELENA-study took place with the financial support of the European Community Sixth RTD Framework Programme. This work was also partially supported by the European Union, in the framework of the Public Health Programme, the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, the Spanish Ministry of Education, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (AGL2007-29784-E) and the Spanish Ministry of Health, Maternal, Child Health and Development Network. The content of this paper reflects only the authors’ views and the rest of HELENA-study members and the European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein. Yi Lin was responsible for the analyses and the drafting of the manuscript. Many thanks to Petra Pickert, Anke Carstensen, Rosa María Torres for their contribution to laboratory work. All authors contributed to the interpretation of the results and have evaluated and approved the manuscript as submitted.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi Lin
    • 1
  • Inge Huybrechts
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Carine Vereecken
    • 1
    • 3
  • Theodora Mouratidou
    • 4
  • Jara Valtueña
    • 5
  • Mathilde Kersting
    • 6
  • Marcela González-Gross
    • 5
  • Selin Bolca
    • 7
  • Julia Wärnberg
    • 8
  • Magdalena Cuenca-García
    • 9
  • Frederic Gottrand
    • 10
  • Elisabetta Toti
    • 11
  • Sonia Gomez-Martínez
    • 8
  • Evangelia Grammatikaki
    • 1
    • 12
  • Idoia Labayen
    • 13
  • Luis A. Moreno
    • 4
  • Michael Sjöström
    • 14
  • John Van Camp
    • 15
  • Romana Roccaldo
    • 11
  • Emma Patterson
    • 16
  • Yannis Manios
    • 12
  • Denes Molnar
    • 17
  • Anthony Kafatos
    • 18
  • Kurt Widhalm
    • 19
  • Stefaan De Henauw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.International Agency for Research on Cancer, Dietary Exposure Assessment GroupLyonFrance
  3. 3.Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO)BrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of ZaragozaSaragossaSpain
  5. 5.ImFine Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences (INEF)Universidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain
  6. 6.Research Institute of Child Nutrition, DortmundRheinische Friedich-Wilhelms-Universität BonnDortmundGermany
  7. 7.Laboratory for Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics (Biobix), Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  8. 8.Immunonutrition Research Group, Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN)Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)MadridSpain
  9. 9.Department of Medical Physiology, School of MedicineGranada UniversityGranadaSpain
  10. 10.Inserm U995, IFR114, Faculté de MédecineUniversité LilleLilleFrance
  11. 11.Food and Nutrition Research CentreAgricultural Research Council (CRA-NUT)RomeItaly
  12. 12.Department of Nutrition and DieteticsHarokopio UniversityKallithea, AthensGreece
  13. 13.Department of Nutrition and Food ScienceUniversity of the Basque Country, Paseo de la UniversidadBiscaySpain
  14. 14.Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and NutritionKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  15. 15.Department of Food Safety and Food QualityGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  16. 16.Samhällsnutrition och fysisk aktivitetKarolinska Institutet, Centrum för epidemiologi och samhällsmedicinStockholmSweden
  17. 17.Department of PediatricsUniversity of PécsPécsHungary
  18. 18.Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Unit, School of MedicineUniversity of Crete, HeraklionCreteGreece
  19. 19.Department of PediatricsPrivate Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria

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