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European Journal of Nutrition

, Volume 42, Supplement 1, pp i50–i95 | Cite as

PASSCLAIM – Physical performance and fitness

  • Wim H. M. Saris
  • Jean-Michel Antoine
  • Fred Brouns
  • Michael Fogelholm
  • Mike Gleeson
  • Peter Hespel
  • Asker E. Jeukendrup
  • Ron J. Maughan
  • Daphne Pannemans
  • Vladimir Stich

Summary.

Objective: The aim of the EC Concerted Action PASSCLAIM was to develop a set of methods and procedures for assessing the scientific support for function-enhancing and health-related claims for foods and food components. This paper presents a critical review of the existing methods to evaluate the different aspects of physical performance and fitness needed to support claims on foods and food ingredients intended to enhance specific physiological functions. Design and Results: Based on an inventory of labelling claims on available sport nutrition products, seven physiological functions in the field of physical performance and fitness were identified: 1) strength and power, 2) endurance, energy supply and recovery, 3) hydration/re-hydration, 4) flexibility, 5) tissue growth, 6) free radical scavenger capacity and 7) immune function. For each function the existing methodology was reviewed critically and judged on suitability to generate scientific support for physiological function claims on foods. Conclusions: A database of methods including advantages and disadvantages of use has been generated for considering the scientific support of claims on foods and food ingredients relating to physical performance and fitness. It will contribute to the formulations of guidelines for assessing the scientific support of enhanced function or reduced disease risk claims on foods.

Key words physical performance – fitness – sport nutrition – physiological functions – function and health claims – exercise 

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wim H. M. Saris
    • 1
  • Jean-Michel Antoine
    • 2
  • Fred Brouns
    • 3
  • Michael Fogelholm
    • 4
  • Mike Gleeson
    • 5
  • Peter Hespel
    • 6
  • Asker E. Jeukendrup
    • 7
  • Ron J. Maughan
    • 5
  • Daphne Pannemans
    • 8
  • Vladimir Stich
    • 9
  1. 1.Maastricht University, Nutrition Research Centre, Dept. of Human Biology, P. O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. W.SARIS@hb.unimaas.nlNL
  2. 2.Danone Vitapole, DRD, Produits Laitiers Frais, 15 avenue Galilée, 92350 Le Plessis Robinson, FranceFR
  3. 3.Cerestar R& D Centre, Health & Nutrition Group, Havenstraat 84, 1800 Vilvoorde, BelgiumBE
  4. 4.The UKK Institute, Institute for Health Promotion and Research, P. O. Box 30, 33501 Tampere, FinlandFI
  5. 5.Loughborough University, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UKGB
  6. 6.Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics Laboratory, K. U. Leuven, 3001 Leuven, BelgiumBE
  7. 7.University of Birmingham, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Edgbaston, UK-B15 2TT Birmingham, UKGB
  8. 8.ILSI Europe, Avenue E. Mounier 83, Box 6, 1200 Brussels, Belgium. publications@ilsieurope.beBE
  9. 9.Charles University, 3rd Medical Faculty, Department of Sport Medicine, Ruská 87, 11000 Praha, Czech RepublicCZ

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