Follow-up of the first patients with a totally subcutaneous ICD in Germany from implantation till battery depletion
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The subcutaneous ICD is a promising treatment option in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death. Approved in 2009, the first S-ICD® in Germany was implanted in June 2010. Although large prospective registry studies have shown safety and efficacy of the system, there is a lack of long-term data with regard to battery longevity of the S-ICD®. Therefore, we report follow-up of our first initial S-ICD® cases from implantation till battery depletion.
Materials and methods
All S-ICD® patients with device replacement for battery depletion in our large single-center S-ICD® registry were included in this study. Baseline characteristics, appropriate and inappropriate shocks, and complications were documented in a median follow-up of 75.9 ± 6.8 months.
Twenty-eight patients with S-ICD® systems were included in this study. Of these patients, 21 were male and 7 were female, with an overall mean age of 41.9 ± 12.6 years. Primary prevention of sudden cardiac death was the indication in 19 patients (67.9%). Ventricular tachycardia was adequately terminated in two patients (7.1%). In 7 patients, non-sustained ventricular arrhythmias were not treated. A total of three inappropriate shocks occurred in three patients (10.7%). Mean time from implantation till battery depletion was 65.8 ± 8.1 months. Only one patient presented premature elective replacement criteria because of rapid battery depletion. No lead-related complication occurred during follow-up and no complications were seen regarding device replacement. In one patient (3.6%), the system was explanted without replacement due to patient’s preference.
The estimated battery longevity of S-ICD® of about 5 years was reached in all but one patient. Compared to larger S-ICD® registry studies, frequency of inappropriate shocks was relatively high in the initial S-ICD® cases. Both technological improvement as well as programming and operators’ experience have led to a reduction of complications. Replacement of the S-ICD® seems to be a safe and effective procedure.
KeywordsSubcutaneous ICD Longevity Battery depletion Device replacement
Elective replacement indicator
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Sudden cardiac death
Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Transvenous implantable cardioverter defibrillator
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
FR, JK, LE, and GF received travel grants and lecture honoraria from Boston Scientific within the last 12 months.
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