Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in a male during a Euro 2012 football match
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Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) was first described by Sato et al.  in 1990. According to the clinical features, TTC usually affects postmenopausal women and is preceded by a psychical or physical stress. Characteristics of TTC contain ST-segment elevation or T wave inversion in ECG, modest biomarker release (troponin, CK, CK-MB) and almost always complete wall-motion resolution. However, the clinical spectrum of the TTC patients could be heterogeneous and occurs extremely rarely in the male population .
Three weeks later echocardiography recorded no signs of left ventricle apical ballooning with RBBB wall motion pattern, estimated LVEF of 65 % and GLPS improvement to −14, 9 % (Fig. 1e).
It has been proved that great and important sport events such as the European Championships are associated with physical stress and emotional strain especially after a favorite team’s loss . Incidences of sudden cardiac death or other cardiovascular events are suggested to be increased during an important football match due to increased sympathetic tone and catecholamine levels. Interestingly, the impact of adrenergic stimulation increasing the risk of cardiovascular events may persist for several days after the game . Stressful events and elevated catecholamine plasma levels in the acute course of TTC indicate a possible involvement of the sympathetic nervous system in this cardiomyopathy as well . A minor size of the LV and hormonal disruption in the female subset may play a key-role in the pathology of TTC . The small LV size observed in women could potentially predispose the LV-outflow tract obstruction raising the intraventricular pressure gradient and an oxygen mismatch in the region of the apex. The studies on animals have shown the important protective roles of estrogen in myocardial damage including through stimulating transcription of cardioprotective substances such as atrial natriuretic peptide . Among the male population TTC, however, is triggered more often by physical stress . Therefore, we present a particular case of a man with the TTC-event after participating in football match at the Fan Zone Euro 2012 Cup in the Host City of Gdansk, Poland. Bill Shankly, the former F.C. Liverpool manager, could be right in saying: “Some people believe football is a matter of life and death… I can assure you it is much, much more important than that.”
Conflict of interest
No conflicts of interest.
- 1.Sato H et al (1990) Tako-tsubo like cardiomyopathy due to multivessel spasm. In: Kodama K, Haze K, Hon M (eds) Clinical aspect of myocardial injury: from ischemia to heart failure, Kagakuhyoronsha Co, Tokyo, pp 56–64Google Scholar
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