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Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie

, Volume 45, Issue 8, pp 722–727 | Cite as

Smartphone-based solutions for fall detection and prevention: the FARSEEING approach

  • S. MelloneEmail author
  • C. Tacconi
  • L. Schwickert
  • J. Klenk
  • C. Becker
  • L. Chiari
Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt

Abstract

Falls are not an inevitable consequence of aging. The risk and rate of falls can be reduced. Recent improvements in smartphone technology enable implementation of a wide variety of services and applications, thus making the smartphone more of a digital companion than simply a communication tool. This paper presents the results obtained by the FARSEEING project where smartphones are one example of intervention in a population-based scenario. The applications developed take advantage of the smartphone-embedded inertial sensors and require that subjects wear the smartphone by means of a waist belt. The uFall Android application has been developed for monitoring the user’s motor activities at home. The application does not require any direct interaction with the user and it is also capable of running a real-time fall-detection algorithm. uTUG is a stand-alone application for instrumenting the Timed Up and Go test, which is a test often included in fall risk assessment protocols. The application acts like a pocket-sized motion laboratory, since it is capable not only of recording the trial but also of processing the data and immediately displaying the results. uTUG is designed to be self-administrable at home.

Keywords

Smartphone Fall detection Fall prevention Monitoring Timed Up and Go test 

Smartphonebasierte Lösungen zur Sturzerkennung und -prävention: das FARSEEING-Projekt

Zusammenfassung

Stürze sind keine notwendige Folge des Alterns, sie können verhindert werden. Die jüngsten Entwicklungen der Smartphonetechnologie ermöglichen eine Vielzahl von Anwendungen und Applikationen, wodurch das Gerät nicht nur als Kommunikationswerkzeug, sondern zunehmend als digitaler Alltagsbegleiter dient. In diesem Artikel werden Ergebnisse des FARSEEING-Projekts präsentiert, bei dem Smartphones ein Interventionsbeispiel in einem populationsbezogenen Szenario sind. Die hier vorgestellten Applikationen nutzen die im Gerät integrierten Inertialsensoren. Das Smartphone wird dabei mit einem Hüftgurt getragen. Die uFall-Applikation dient zur innerhäuslichen Beobachtung der körperlichen Aktivität des Nutzers und ermöglicht eine algorithmusbasierte Echtzeitsturzerkennung. Die uTUG-Applikation instrumentalisiert den Timed-up-and-go(TUG)-Test (Zeit bis zum Aufstehen und Gehen), welcher häufig zur Messung des Sturzrisikos verwendet wird. Dieses „miniaturisierte Bewegungslabor“ erlaubt nicht nur die Durchführung einzelner Messungen, sondern stellt auch prozessierte Daten zur direkten Auswertung bereit. Die Applikationen ermöglichen die Eigenanwendung und erfordern keine direkte Interaktion des Nutzers mit dem Gerät.

Schlüsselwörter

Smartphone Sturzdetektion Sturzprävention Monitoring Timed-Up-and-Go-Test 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This FARSEEING project is co-funded by the European Commission, Seventh Framework Programme, Cooperation—ICT, Grant Agreement no. 288940.

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there are no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Mellone
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Tacconi
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Schwickert
    • 3
  • J. Klenk
    • 3
    • 4
  • C. Becker
    • 3
  • L. Chiari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronics, Computer Science and SystemsUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Health Sciences and Technologies - Interdepartmental Center for Industrial ResearchUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Clinical GerontologyRobert-Bosch HospitalStuttgartGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Epidemiology and Medical BiometryUlm UniversityUlmGermany

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