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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 569–580 | Cite as

Endoscopic detection and resection of dysplasia in inflammatory bowel disease-techniques with videos

  • Sameen Khalid
  • Aamer Abbass
  • Neelam Khetpal
  • Bo Shen
  • Udayakumar NavaneethanEmail author
Review
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s colitis have an increased risk of developing dysplasia and colorectal cancer as compared to the general population; surveillance colonoscopy is recommended in this patient population.

Methods

This review of the published literature aimed to assess the published evidence.

Results

Detection of dysplasia requires examination of mucosa with targeted biopsies of the visible lesions as well as random biopsies to detect invisible lesions. Newer endoscopic techniques, in particular chromoendoscopy, increase the yield of identifying dysplastic lesions. The surveillance for Colorectal Endoscopic Neoplasia Detection and Management in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients International Consensus (SCENIC) guidelines recommends that colonoscopy using chromoendoscopy is the optimal endoscopic surveillance strategy to detect dysplasia. Once dysplastic lesions are discovered on surveillance endoscopic examination, careful and meticulous descriptions of lesions is mandatory to aid in further decision making. Management of dysplastic lesions in inflammatory bowel disease patients depends on endoscopic (morphological) and histologic findings and patient characteristics such as age, general condition of the patient, and patient preferences. Endoscopic mucosal resection, endoscopic submucosal dissection, and surgery are different therapeutic options for colonic dysplastic lesions detected in the setting of inflammatory bowel disease.

Conclusions

In this review, we discuss the various techniques for endoscopic resection of dysplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Further research is required to determine the optimal approach to diagnosis and management of dysplasia in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Keywords

Chromoendoscopy Dysplasia Endoscopic mucosal resection Inflammatory bowel disease Ulcerative colitis 

Notes

Author contributions

Study concept, design, and critical revisions—B Shen and U Navaneethan

Paper preparation and revisions—S Khalid, N Khetpal, and A Abbass

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Udayakumar Navaneethan and Bo Shen are consultants for AbbVie. Udayakumar Navaneethan is on the speaker bureau for Takeda, AbbVie, Pfizer, and Janssen. None of the other authors declared financial conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

384_2019_3269_MOESM1_ESM.mp4 (1.3 mb)
Video 1 Video demonstrates the technique of chromoendoscopy. (MP4 1322 kb)
384_2019_3269_MOESM2_ESM.mp4 (3.2 mb)
Video 2 Video demonstrates the technique for resection of a polypoid lesion in a patient with Crohn’s colitis. (MP4 3270 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sameen Khalid
    • 1
  • Aamer Abbass
    • 1
  • Neelam Khetpal
    • 1
  • Bo Shen
    • 2
  • Udayakumar Navaneethan
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineAdvent HealthOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Gastroenterology Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  3. 3.Center for Interventional Endoscopy, Advent HealthUniversity of Central Florida College of MedicineOrlandoUSA

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