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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 293–300 | Cite as

Risk factors for early postoperative complications in patients with Crohn’s disease after colorectal surgery other than ileocecal resection or right hemicolectomy

  • Christian Galata
  • Peter Kienle
  • Christel Weiss
  • Steffen Seyfried
  • Christoph Reißfelder
  • Julia HardtEmail author
Original Article
  • 90 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate risk factors for early postoperative complications in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) after extensive colorectal resection excluding mere ileocecal resection or right hemicolectomy at a university center.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of the prospectively maintained database for surgical patients with CD at our institution was performed. All consecutive patients operated between December 2009 and December 2017 were included.

Results

In total, 126 patients were eligible for this study. Most common types of operations performed were subtotal colectomy or proctocolectomy (37.3%) and resections of the rectum (34.1%) or the sigmoid colon (14.3%). Major postoperative complications occurred in 29 patients (23.0%). The rate of local septic complications (anastomotic leak, postoperative abscess) was 11.1%. In univariate analysis, low preoperative albumin, elevated preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP), and emergency surgery were factors associated with major postoperative complications. When multivariable analysis was performed, low preoperative albumin was the only independent risk factor for the occurrence of major postoperative complications (p = 0.0033; OR 0.899). The cut-off value for albumin was 32.6 g/L.

Conclusions

In this large cohort of consecutive patients undergoing surgery of the colorectum in CD, the rate of major postoperative complications was considerably higher compared to our recently published data from patients with ileocecal resection or right hemicolectomy. Preoperative albumin is the only independent risk factor for the occurrence of major postoperative complications. Preoperative albumin levels > 32.6 g/L significantly reduce the risk for postoperative complications.

Keywords

Crohn’s disease Postoperative complications Left hemicolectomy Colectomy Rectal surgery Anastomotic leak 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Galata
    • 1
  • Peter Kienle
    • 2
  • Christel Weiss
    • 3
  • Steffen Seyfried
    • 1
  • Christoph Reißfelder
    • 1
  • Julia Hardt
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Universitätsmedizin Mannheim, Medical Faculty MannheimHeidelberg UniversityMannheimGermany
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryTheresienkrankenhaus MannheimMannheimGermany
  3. 3.Department of Medical Statistics and Biomathematics, Medical Faculty MannheimHeidelberg UniversityMannheimGermany

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