International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 30, Issue 9, pp 1223–1228 | Cite as

Perioperative use of tamsulosin significantly decreases rates of urinary retention in men undergoing pelvic surgery

  • Vitaliy Poylin
  • Thomas Curran
  • Thomas Cataldo
  • Deborah Nagle
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Urinary retention is a common complication of pelvic surgery, leading to urinary tract infection and prolonged hospital stays. Tamsulosin is an alpha blocker that works by relaxing bladder neck muscles. It is used to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy and retention. We aim to investigate the potential benefits of preemptive tamsulosin use on rates of urinary retention in men undergoing pelvic surgery.

Methods

This is a retrospective review of an institutional colorectal database. All men undergoing pelvic surgery between 2004 and 2013 were included. Patients given 0.4 mg of tamsulosin 3 days prior and after surgery at discretion of surgeon starting in 2007 were compared with patients receiving expectant postoperative management.

Results

One hundred eighty-five patients were included in the study (study group: N = 30; control group: N = 155). Study group patients were older (56.8 vs. 50.1 years). Overall urinary retention rate was 22 % with significantly lower rates in the study group compared with control (6.7 vs. 25 %; p = 0.029). Study group had higher rates of minimally invasive surgery (61 vs. 29.7 %); however, this did not impact urinary retention rate (20.6 vs. 22.7 % for minimally invasive surgery vs. open surgery; p = 0.85). Independent predictors of urinary retention included lack of preemptive tamsulosin (odds ratio (OR), 7.67; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.4–41.7) and cancer location in the distal third of the rectum (OR, 18.8; 95 % CI, 2.1–172.8).

Conclusions

Preemptive perioperative use of tamsulosin may significantly decrease the incidence of urinary retention in men undergoing pelvic surgery. This may play a role in avoidance of urinary retention, particularly in patients with distal rectal cancer.

Keywords

Urinary retention Rectal surgery Tamsulosin Men 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitaliy Poylin
    • 1
  • Thomas Curran
    • 1
  • Thomas Cataldo
    • 1
  • Deborah Nagle
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Colon and Rectal SurgeryBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA

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