International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 151–158

E-cadherin (CDH1) gene promoter polymorphism and the risk of colorectal cancer

A meta-analysis
  • Yadong Wang
  • Haiyan Yang
  • Li Li
  • Haiyu Wang
  • Congke Zhang
  • Xiangqun Xia
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00384-011-1320-7

Cite this article as:
Wang, Y., Yang, H., Li, L. et al. Int J Colorectal Dis (2012) 27: 151. doi:10.1007/s00384-011-1320-7

Abstract

Objective

Published data on the relationship between E-cadherin (CDH1) gene promoter polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk are inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was carried out.

Methods

In this meta-analysis, we evaluated reported studies of associations between polymorphisms of CDH1 gene promoter −160 C > A and −347 G > GA site, and CRC risk using fixed-effects model and random-effects model.

Results

We found decreased CRC risk among subjects carrying CDH1 −160AA (odds ratio [OR] = 0.86, 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.75–0.98) and CA + AA (OR = 0.92, 95% CI: 0.87–0.98), using 4,652/4,428 cases/controls and 7,866/7,689 cases/controls from ten studies, respectively. We found a protective effect of the CDH1 −160CA + AA polymorphisms for CRC in distal site tumor population and population-based control in stratified analysis. We found a protective effect of the CDH1 −160AA and CA + AA polymorphisms for CRC in European and American population (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.76–0.99 and OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.85–0.98, respectively). We observed that the CDH1 −347 G/GA + GA/GA carrier had an increased risk of CRC, the summary OR was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.08–1.62).

Conclusions

Data indicated that certain CDH1 gene promoter −160 C > A and −347 G > GA variants might affect the susceptibility of CRC. Recommendations for further studies include pooling of individual data to facilitate evaluation of multigenic effects and detailed analysis of effect modification by environmental and lifestyle factors.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer CDH1 Genetic polymorphism Meta-analysis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yadong Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Haiyan Yang
    • 3
  • Li Li
    • 1
  • Haiyu Wang
    • 1
  • Congke Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiangqun Xia
    • 1
  1. 1.Henan Center for Disease Control and PreventionZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering ProgramUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public HealthZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina

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