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Inflamed pouch mucosa possesses altered tight junctions indicating recurrence of inflammatory bowel disease

  • Salah Amasheh
  • Sonja Dullat
  • Michael Fromm
  • Jörg D. Schulzke
  • Heinz J. Buhr
  • Anton J. Kroesen
Original Article

Abstract

Background and aims

The etiology of pouchitis after coloproctomucosectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in patients with ulcerative colitis is still unknown. Beside changes in luminal antigens, the immunological predisposition is assumed to be responsible. In previous electrophysiological studies, we showed that mucosal barrier and transport function in pouchitis is markedly reduced. Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze barrier function on the molecular level.

Material and methods

Pouch biopsies of 36 ulcerative colitis patients were analyzed. Time points were (1) intraoperative immediately prior to ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (n = 13), (2) >1 year after ileostomy closure (pouch, n = 12), and (3) during pouchitis (n = 11). Control terminal ileum biopsies were obtained from eight patients undergoing hemicolectomy due to carcinoma. Expression of tight junction proteins was analyzed by Western blotting and confocal laser-scanning microscopy. To elucidate effects on epithelial barrier properties, impedance spectroscopy was performed in miniaturized Ussing chambers.

Results

In pouchitis, epithelial resistance was markedly reduced compared to non-inflamed pouch and control ileum. Expression of tight junction proteins claudin-1, 3, 4, 5, and 7 and occludin revealed differential expression regulation with the tightening tight junction protein claudin-1 being decreased and an increase of the pore-forming claudin-2, whereas other claudins remained constant. Morphometry indicated the mucosal surface to be unchanged.

Conclusion

Pouchitis is characterized by a selective change of tight junction proteins in favor of opening the epithelial tight junction and, thus, the paracellular pathway, which contributes to the inflammatory process. This resembles changes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and indicates IBD recurrence in pouchitis.

Keywords

Pouchitis Ulcerative colitis Barrier Ileum IBD Tight junction 

Abbreviations

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease

IPAA

ileo pouchanal anastomosis

UC

ulcerative colitis

PDAI

pouchitis disease activity index

ISC

short circuit current

R

resistance

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank A. Fromm, S. Schön and D. Sorgenfrei for their excellent technical assistance. The study has been supported by the DFG and the Sonnenfeld-Stiftung Berlin.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salah Amasheh
    • 1
  • Sonja Dullat
    • 2
  • Michael Fromm
    • 1
  • Jörg D. Schulzke
    • 3
    • 4
  • Heinz J. Buhr
    • 2
  • Anton J. Kroesen
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Clinical PhysiologyCBF, Charité, Freie Universität und Humboldt UniversitätBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryCBF, Charité, Freie Universität und Humboldt UniversitätBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of General MedicineCBF, Charité, Freie Universität und Humboldt UniversitätBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Department of Gastroenterology, Infectious Diseases, and RheumatologyCBF, Charité, Freie Universität und Humboldt UniversitätBerlinGermany

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