5-Fluorouracil (5FU) treatment does not influence invasion and metastasis in microsatellite unstable (MSI-H) colorectal cancer
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Microsatellite instability is a recognised pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis responsible for about 15% of all sporadic colorectal cancers. Recent evidence has suggested that these tumours may not have the same response as microsatellite stable colon cancers to 5-fluorouracil (5FU)-based chemotherapy. The response to 5FU in four microsatellite unstable (MSI-H) cell lines was examined by cell viability assays and invasion assays. Flow cytometry was used to assess the effect of 5FU on MSI-H cell lines. In vivo response to 5FU was assessed by intraperitoneal injection of 5FU or control to 80 nude mice that had received intrasplenic injections of an MSI-H cell line KM12C prior to commencing treatment. There was inhibition of cell growth in MSI-H cell lines when treated with 5FU. There was no difference in invasiveness in the MSI-H cell lines when treated with 5FU. Primary tumours formed in 27 of the untreated and 25 of the 5FU treated mice (p=NS). There was a 36% reduction in splenic weight in those mice treated with 5FU (p<0.03). Metastases formed in 5 of the untreated and 9 of the treated mice (p=0.12). 5FU treatment of MSI-H tumours results in a reduction in growth but does not result in a reduction in invasion or metastasis.
KeywordsColorectal cancer Microsatellite instability (MSI-H) Chemotherapy 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) Metastasis
High-frequency microsatellite unstable
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