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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 433–440 | Cite as

Knowledge of disease and health information needs of the patients with inflammatory bowel disease in a developing country

  • Mohammadreza RezailashkajaniEmail author
  • Delnaz Roshandel
  • Shahin Ansari
  • Mohammad R. Zali
Original Article

Abstract

Background and aims

This study was performed to have a first-time assessment on the knowledge level of a population of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients in a developing country like Iran and to identify their health information preferences.

Methods

One hundred over 18-year-old IBD patients presenting to an outpatient gastroenterology clinic in Tehran from April to November 2004 were asked to complete Persian-translated version of 24-item Crohn's and Colitis Knowledge (CCKNOW) score questionnaire and an additional questionnaire collecting their favorite disease-related knowledge topics.

Results

All of the patients (64 females, 36 males) wished to know more about their disease. The cause of IBD and the medications were the most favorite knowledge topics. The mean and median of CCKNOW score of the patients was 4.65 and 4.0 (out of 24), respectively. Women showed significantly higher scores than men (p=0.006). There was also a weak positive correlation between the level of education and CCKNOW score (Spearman's ρ=0.23, p=0.02). No significant correlation was found between age, duration of disease, self-estimated level of suffering from disease, and CCKNOW score. The most severe knowledge deficit was evident in knowledge on IBD complications.

Conclusion

Despite the overt inclination of Iranian IBD patients to know more about their disease, their knowledge levels were significantly lower than the IBD patients in developed countries. The more profound knowledge deficit in IBD complications may lead to disastrous aftermaths such as late diagnosis of colorectal cancer induced by prolonged IBD. Vigorous patient education programs for the Iranian IBD patient are suggested focusing on areas of knowledge deficit and their favorite topics.

Keywords

Inflammatory bowel disease Patient education Knowledge assessment CCKNOW 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammadreza Rezailashkajani
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Delnaz Roshandel
    • 1
  • Shahin Ansari
    • 1
  • Mohammad R. Zali
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Informatics Department, Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver DiseasesShaheed Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.Research Center for Gastroenterology and Liver DiseasesTaleghani HospitalTehranIran

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