Non-operative management of congenital tracheal stenosis: criteria by computed tomography
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Whether to perform surgical or conservative treatment for congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) is controversial. Thus, the computed tomography (CT) criteria for conservative treatment of CTS were investigated.
From 2005 to 2017, 28 CTS cases were included. The operative cases and preoperative death cases constituted the required intervention group (group I), and the non-operative surviving cases constituted the observation group (group O). The diameter of the tracheal narrowest part (DTNP) on CT was evaluated as a criterion for non-operative follow-up.
Chest CT was performed 19 times in 19 group I cases and 18 times in 9 group O cases. The median age of the patients that underwent CT scan examinations was 3.4 months (range 0–25 months) in group I and 22 months (range 0–60 months) in group O. The cut-off values of the non-operative criteria were 40.8% (AUC: 0.82, p < .01) normal for age of the trachea’s narrowest part, and 41.6% normal for body weight (AUC: 0.92, p < .01), respectively.
DTNP is 40% and more of the normal diameter appears necessary for non-surgical management. The present study suggests that the criteria for conservative management of CTS are that the DTNP is not less than 40% of the normal tracheal diameter, with a few symptoms.
KeywordsCongenital tracheal stenosis Computed tomography Non-operative management Criteria Operative management
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Clinical registration number: approval from the institutional ethics committee (approval number of 2017105).
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