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Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 31, Issue 8, pp 781–785 | Cite as

Syndromic Hirschsprung’s disease and associated congenital heart disease: a systematic review

  • Johannes W. Duess
  • Prem Puri
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) occurs as an isolated phenotype in 70 % of infants and is associated with additional congenital anomalies or syndromes in approximately 30 % of patients. The cardiac development depends on neural crest cell proliferation and is closely related to the formation of the enteric nervous system. HD associated with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been reported in 5–8 % of cases, with septation defects being the most frequently recorded abnormalities. However, the prevalence of HD associated with CHD in infants with syndromic disorders is not well documented. This systematic review was designed to determine the prevalence of CHD in syndromic HD.

Methods

A systematic review of the literature using the keywords “Hirschsprung’s disease”, “aganglionosis”, “congenital megacolon”, “congenital heart disease” and “congenital heart defect” was performed. Resulting publications were reviewed for epidemiology and morbidity. Reference lists were screened for additional relevant studies.

Results

A total of fifty-two publications from 1963 to 2014 reported data on infants with HD associated with CHD. The overall reported prevalence of HD associated with CHD in infants without chromosomal disorders was 3 %. In infants with syndromic disorders, the overall prevalence of HD associated with CHD ranged from 20 to 80 % (overall prevalence 51 %). Septation defects were recorded in 57 % (atrial septal defects in 29 %, ventricular septal defects in 32 %), a patent ductus arteriosus in 39 %, vascular abnormalities in 16 %, valvular heart defects in 4 % and Tetralogy of Fallot in 7 %.

Conclusion

The prevalence of HD associated with CHD is much higher in infants with chromosomal disorders compared to infants without associated syndromes. A routine echocardiogram should be performed in all infants with syndromic HD to exclude cardiac abnormalities.

Keywords

Hirschsprung’s disease Congenital megacolon Congenital heart disease Congenital anomalies 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Children’s Research CentreOur Lady’s Children’s HospitalDublin 12Ireland
  2. 2.School of Medicine and Medical Science and Conway Institute of Biomolecular and Biomedical ResearchUniversity College DublinDublin 4Ireland

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