Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) does not worsen vomiting in children
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We aimed to evaluate the rate and examine potential predictors of subsequent anti-reflux procedures in a population undergoing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion.
We retrospectively reviewed the pre- and post-operative clinical course of patients undergoing PEG insertion over a 10-year period with respect to indication, underlying co-morbidity, and GER investigation and management.
We reviewed data on 170 patients. Neurological disability (e.g., cerebral palsy) was the most common underlying condition in those undergoing PEG insertion (n = 104) followed by cystic fibrosis (n = 29). Oropharyngeal dysphagia and failure to thrive were the commonest indications for PEG. Eight patients (4.7 %) reported increased frequency of vomiting after PEG, 6 (75 %) of whom had a pre-operative diagnosis of GER. Two (25 %) patients from this sub-group subsequently required anti-reflux surgery. Patient’s with neurological disease were not at increased risk of new-onset GER or increased vomiting following PEG insertion compared to those with non-neurological conditions (p = 0.259). In total, 8 (4.7 %) and 7 (4.1 %) patients underwent fundoplication and gastrojejunal tube insertion, respectively.
PEG insertion does not appear to induce symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux in the majority of children, suggesting that in the majority of cases, a concurrent anti-reflux procedure is unnecessary. Parents should be counseled accordingly.
KeywordsPercutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy Vomiting Anti-reflux surgery Gastro-esophageal reflux Fundoplication
The authors declare no conflict of interest. Due to the retrospective nature of the study ethical approval was not sought on the basis of local hospital guidelines. No sources of funding were utilized in the carrying out of this research.
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