Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum: analyzing contemporary practice in 50 ACS NSQIP-pediatric institutions
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Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) is a well-established procedure. However, morbidity rate varies widely among institutions, and the incidence of major complications remains unknown.
The American College of Surgeons 2012 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) participant user file was utilized to identify patients who underwent MIRPE at 50 participant institutions. Outcomes of interest were overall 30-day morbidity, hospital readmission, and reoperation.
Chest wall repair designated MIRPE accounted for 0.6 % (n = 264) of all surgical cases included in the NSQIP-P database in 2012. The median age at surgical repair was 15.2 years. Thoracoscopy was used in 83.7 % of cases. No mediastinal injuries or perioperative blood transfusions were identified. The 30-day readmission rate was 3.8 %. Three patients (1.1 %) required re-operation due to the following complications: superficial site infection, bar displacement and pneumothorax. The overall morbidity was 3.8 % with no incidences of mortality.
This analysis of a large prospective multicenter dataset demonstrates that major complications following MIRPE are uncommon in contemporary practice. Wound infection is the most common complication and the main cause of hospital readmission. Targeted quality improvement initiative should be focused on perioperative strategy to further reduce wound occurrences and hospital readmission.
KeywordsPectus excavatum MIRPE NSQIP-Pediatric Outcomes
Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum
National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric
International Classification of Diseases
Current procedural terminology
Body mass index
Centers for disease control
Connective tissue disorder
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