Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 493–499 | Cite as

Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum: analyzing contemporary practice in 50 ACS NSQIP-pediatric institutions

  • Maria G. Sacco-Casamassima
  • Seth D. Goldstein
  • Colin D. Gause
  • Omar Karim
  • Maria Michailidou
  • Dylan Stewart
  • Paul M. Colombani
  • Fizan Abdullah
Original Article



Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) is a well-established procedure. However, morbidity rate varies widely among institutions, and the incidence of major complications remains unknown.

Study design

The American College of Surgeons 2012 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) participant user file was utilized to identify patients who underwent MIRPE at 50 participant institutions. Outcomes of interest were overall 30-day morbidity, hospital readmission, and reoperation.


Chest wall repair designated MIRPE accounted for 0.6 % (n = 264) of all surgical cases included in the NSQIP-P database in 2012. The median age at surgical repair was 15.2 years. Thoracoscopy was used in 83.7 % of cases. No mediastinal injuries or perioperative blood transfusions were identified. The 30-day readmission rate was 3.8 %. Three patients (1.1 %) required re-operation due to the following complications: superficial site infection, bar displacement and pneumothorax. The overall morbidity was 3.8 % with no incidences of mortality.


This analysis of a large prospective multicenter dataset demonstrates that major complications following MIRPE are uncommon in contemporary practice. Wound infection is the most common complication and the main cause of hospital readmission. Targeted quality improvement initiative should be focused on perioperative strategy to further reduce wound occurrences and hospital readmission.


Pectus excavatum MIRPE NSQIP-Pediatric Outcomes 



Pectus excavatum


Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum


National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric


International Classification of Diseases


Current procedural terminology


Body mass index


Centers for disease control


Standard deviation


Interquartile range


Connective tissue disorder


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria G. Sacco-Casamassima
    • 1
  • Seth D. Goldstein
    • 1
  • Colin D. Gause
    • 1
  • Omar Karim
    • 1
  • Maria Michailidou
    • 1
  • Dylan Stewart
    • 1
  • Paul M. Colombani
    • 2
  • Fizan Abdullah
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Pediatric Surgical Clinical Trials and Outcomes Research, Division of Pediatric SurgeryJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryAll Children’s Hospital Johns HopkinsFloridaUSA

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