Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 563–570 | Cite as

The 100 most-cited articles in Pediatric Surgery International

  • Elke Ruttenstock
  • Florian Friedmacher
  • Michael E. Höllwarth
  • Arnold G. Coran
  • Prem PuriEmail author
Original Article



Citation analysis within specific journals and subject areas has become a popular method to assess the impact of a journal, article or author. To date, only a few evaluations of citation reports have been published in the field of pediatric surgery. Twenty-six years after its inception, Pediatric Surgery International (PSI) is a firmly established journal in pediatric surgery. The aim of this study was to identify, analyze and categorize the characteristics of the 100 most-cited articles published in PSI since its founding in 1986.


The Web of KnowledgeSM, hosted by the Institute for Scientific Information, was searched with the all-database function for the 100 most-cited articles in PSI published from 1986 to the present. Each article was reviewed and the following parameters were recorded: number of citations, type of article, topic, year of publication, country of origin, institution and authorship.


Between 1986 and 2012, 4,907 articles were published in PSI and 3,608 (73.53 %) of these were cited at least once. The 100 most-cited articles received a total of 3,309 citations with a mean of 33.09 (range 24–81). These articles were published between 1987 and 2007, with 73 articles published after 1997. Leading countries were USA (n = 15), Australia (n = 12), UK (n = 9) and Ireland (n = 9). Articles were categorized as followed: 92 original articles, 5 reviews and 3 case reports. 84 articles derived from clinical research and 16 derived from basic science. The most prolific authors were from 7 different institutions and published 37 articles, which received 1,213 (36.66 %) citations.


The 100 most-cited articles published in PSI were predominately original articles from English-speaking countries dealing with clinical topics. This analysis may be of value to the editorial board and authors by providing some insights into what types of manuscripts appear to be of interest to the reading audience of PSI.


Citation analysis Article Author Pediatric surgery 


  1. 1.
    Evers JL (2010) 100 papers to read before you die. Hum Reprod 25(1):2–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moed HF (2009) New developments in the use of citation analysis in research evaluation. Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) 57(1):13–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Callaham M, Wears RL, Weber E (2002) Journal prestige, publication bias, and other characteristics associated with citation of published studies in peer-reviewed journals. JAMA 287(21):2847–2850PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jones AW (2005) Creme de la creme in forensic science and legal medicine. The most highly cited articles, authors and journals 1981–2003. Int J Legal Med 119(2):59–65PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cheek J, Garnham B, Quan J (2006) What’s in a number? Issues in providing evidence of impact and quality of research(ers). Qual Health Res 16(3):423–435PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baltussen A, Kindler CH (2004) Citation classics in anesthetic journals. Anesth Analg 98(2):443–451 (table of contents)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hennessey K, Afshar K, Macneily AE (2009) The top 100 cited articles in urology. Can Urol Assoc J 3(4):293–302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kelly JC, Glynn RW, O’Briain DE et al (2010) The 100 classic papers of orthopaedic surgery: a bibliometric analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Br 92(10):1338–1343PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Paladugu R, Schein M, Gardezi S et al (2002) One hundred citation classics in general surgical journals. World J Surg 26(9):1099–1105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Roy D, Hughes JP, Jones AS et al (2002) Citation analysis of otorhinolaryngology journals. J Laryngol Otol 116(5):363–366PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stern RS, Arndt KA (1999) Classic and near-classic articles in the dermatologic literature. Arch Dermatol 135(8):948–950PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tsai YL, Lee CC, Chen SC et al (2006) Top-cited articles in emergency medicine. Am J Emerg Med 24(6):647–654PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Aylward BS, Roberts MC, Colombo J et al (2008) Identifying the classics: an examination of articles published in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology from 1976–2006. J Pediatr Psychol 33(6):576–589PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Garfield E (1987) 100 citation classics from the Journal of the American Medical Association. JAMA 257(1):52–59PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Guimaraes JA, Carlini CR (2004) Most cited papers in Toxicon. Toxicon 44(4):345–359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Jones AW (2004) Impact of JAT publications 1981–2003: the most prolific authors and the most highly cited articles. J Anal Toxicol 28(7):541–545PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lefaivre KA, Guy P, O’Brien PJ et al (2010) Leading 20 at 20: top cited articles and authors in the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 1987–2007. J Orthop Trauma 24(1):53–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mehlman CT, Wenger DR (2006) The top 25 at 25: citation classics in the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. J Pediatr Orthop 26(5):691–694PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ollerton JE, Sugrue M (2005) Citation classics in trauma. J Trauma 58(2):364–369PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Picknett T, Davis K (1999) The 100 most-cited articles from JMB. J Mol Biol 293(2):171–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    ISI Web of Knowledge. Accessed 9 Mar 2012
  22. 22.
    Hirsch JE (2005) An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research output. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102(46):16569–16572PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Campbell FM (1990) National bias: a comparison of citation practices by health professionals. Bull Med Libr Assoc 78(4):376–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Link AM (1998) US and non-US submissions: an analysis of reviewer bias. JAMA 280(3):246–247PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elke Ruttenstock
    • 1
    • 2
  • Florian Friedmacher
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael E. Höllwarth
    • 2
  • Arnold G. Coran
    • 3
  • Prem Puri
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Children’s Research CentreOur Lady’s Children’s HospitalDublin 12Ireland
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric and Adolescent SurgeryMedical University GrazGrazAustria
  3. 3.Section of Pediatric Surgery, C.S. Mott Children’s HospitalUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations