Nutritional supplementation with transforming growth factor-beta inhibits intestinal adaptation after massive small bowel resection in a rat
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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) has been shown to affect epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation through epithelial-mesenchymal and epithelial-immune cell interaction. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of TGF-β2-enriched polymeric diet (Modulen) on enterocyte turnover in a rat model of short bowel syndrome (SBS).
Male rats were divided into four groups: Sham rats and Sham-TGF-β rats underwent bowel transection, and were treated with TGF-β from the 4th postoperative day, SBS rats underwent a 75% bowel resection, and SBS-TGF-β rats underwent bowel resection and were treated with TGF-β-enriched diet similar to Group B. Parameters of intestinal adaptation, enterocyte proliferation and apoptosis were determined on day 15. Real-time PCR was used to determine Bax and Bcl-2 mRNA expression.
Treatment of SBS animals with TGF-β2 supplemented diet led to a significant decrease (vs. SBS rats) in bowel weight in ileum (18%, P < 0.05), mucosal DNA content in jejunum (threefold decrease, P < 0.05) and ileum (2.5-fold decrease, P < 0.05), and mucosal protein in jejunum (twofold decrease, P < 0.05) compared to SBS-untreated animals (Group B). Treatment with TGF-β resulted in a mild decrease in enterocyte proliferation in jejunum (25%, P < 0.05) and ileum (18%, P < 0.05). A decreased cell apoptosis in the SBS-TGF-β group was accompanied by a decreased Bax and increased Bcl-2 mRNA expression.
In a rat model of SBS, dietary TGF-β inhibits intestinal adaptation. Decreased enterocyte proliferation is responsible for this effect.
KeywordsShort bowel syndrome Intestinal adaptation Transforming growth factor beta Enterocyte Turnover
This work was supported by an Israel Science Foundation (ISF) research grant (No 1135/08).
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