Colon replacement of vagina to restore menstrual function in 11 adolescent girls with vaginal or cervicovaginal agenesis
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Cervicovaginal or vaginal agenesis with functioning endometrial tissue is rare. We report the construction of a colon conduit which is anastomosed to posterior uterine wall or upper vaginal pouch to allow menstruation.
Materials and methods
We report seven girls with cervicovaginal agenesis and four with lower vaginal agenesis (aged 12–20 years) who presented with painful cryptomenorrheoa. All the girls wanted to conserve their uterus and menstruate normally. A colon conduit was constructed for the egress of menstrual blood. The colon conduit was anastomosed to the posterior uterine wall in the seven girls with cervicovaginal agenesis and to the distended upper vaginal pouch in the four girls with vaginal agenesis. Utero-colonic neovaginal anastomosis was performed only after excising a circular portion of the posterior myometrium to prevent stenosis.
The colon conduit functioned effectively, providing an egress for regular painless menstruation. One patient had stenosis of the perineal neovaginal orifice for which dilations were done. One girl has married and reports satisfactory intercourse. The mean follow up is 2.2 years.
This group of patients forms a separate subgroup needing a conduit not only for sexual function but also for menstruation. However, if treated by the method described herein, they should be cautioned against pregnancy if they have cervicovaginal agenesis and against vaginal delivery if they have vaginal agenesis.
KeywordsVaginal agenesis Cervicovaginal agenesis Colovaginoplasty Utero-colonic neovaginal anastomosis
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