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Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 579–581 | Cite as

Experience with ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy in children

  • Ahmed S. Safwat
  • Nabil K. BissadaEmail author
  • Udaya Kumar
  • Mohamed I. Taha
  • Salah Eldin S. Abdel-hafez
  • Ahmed M. Eltaher
  • Medhat Abdalla
Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy (UHLL) in children, taking into consideration different stone locations. Records of 15 children with ureteral calculi managed with UHLL were reviewed. All patients were evaluated with history, clinical, radiological and laboratory assessment prior to treatment. All patients were managed on an outpatient basis. After stone disintegration, if sizable fragments remained, they were retrieved using grasping forceps or stone basket extraction. Patient records were reviewed for age, sex, stone laterality, location, number and size, need for ureteral dilation, stenting and residual fragment extraction. Of the 15 children, 11 were female and 4 were male. Mean age was 8.5 years (age range 2–15 years). There was no significant difference in stone laterality (eight left and seven right ureteral stones). Main presenting symptoms were renal colic, hematuria and urinary tract infection or a combination of these symptoms. The 15 children harbored 15 ureteral stones (range 5–11 mm, mean 7.8 mm) and underwent 15 UHLL procedures. Ureteral dilation was performed in 14 patients using balloon dilators. Stone retrieval was done in all patients. DJ stents were placed at the conclusion of the procedure in 11 patients. Complete stone clearance was achieved at the end of the procedure in all patients (success rate 100%). No complications were encountered during or after the procedure. This study confirms the effectiveness and safety of ureteroscopy and holmium laser in the treatment of ureteral stones in children regardless of stone location.

Keywords

Urinary stones Ureteral calculi Lithotripsy Laser Pediatrics 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmed S. Safwat
    • 1
  • Nabil K. Bissada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Udaya Kumar
    • 1
  • Mohamed I. Taha
    • 2
  • Salah Eldin S. Abdel-hafez
    • 2
  • Ahmed M. Eltaher
    • 2
  • Medhat Abdalla
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  2. 2.Departments of UrologyAssiut University AssiutEgypt

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