Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 289–293 | Cite as

Clitoroplasty: past, present and future

  • W. L. Lean
  • J. M. Hutson
  • A. V. Deshpande
  • S. Grover
Review Article

Abstract

This paper reviews the history of clitoral surgery throughout the twentieth century. The changing operations, from amputation through to attempts to produce a normal clitoris mirror the changing attitudes and available knowledge. It also examines the current issues that arise out of available data on long-term outcomes of clitoroplasty.

Keywords

Clitoromegaly Clitoroplasty Intersex Ambiguous genitalia Surgery 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. Lean
    • 1
  • J. M. Hutson
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • A. V. Deshpande
    • 1
  • S. Grover
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryRoyal Children’s HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Department of GynaecologyRoyal Children’s HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of PaediatricsUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Murdoch Children’s Research InstituteMelbourneAustralia

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