Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a rare germ cell tumour of childhood usually presenting with progressive abdominal distention. However, presentation as acute abdomen is a rare occurrence and is secondary to spontaneous rupture. This presentation carries high mortality. To our knowledge, six cases of ruptured hepatoblastoma have previously been reported, although the long-term outcome has not been clear. We report a case of ruptured HB who was managed by initial control of haemorrhage by laparotomy followed by chemotherapy with high-risk hepatoblastoma protocol as per SIOPEL 2 (cisplatin, carboplatin and doxorubicin) and a staged hepatectomy 5 months later. Patient is currently disease free at 6-year follow-up. Staged hepatectomy after initial control of haemorrhage does not preclude a curative resection.
Ruptured hepatoblastoma Initial control of haemorrhage Adjuvant chemotherapy Staged hepatectomy
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