Thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia by inflation-assisted bowel reduction, in a resuscitated neonate: a better access?
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Elective endoscopic diaphragmatic hernia repairs have been reported. But endoscopic surgery was regarded unsuitable for emergency repair of diaphragmatic hernia in ventilated newborn children in bad general condition. We report a new method for inflation-assisted reduction and thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia diaphragmatic in a vitally endangered neonate. From three 2.7 mm to 5 mm accesses warmed low-pressure, low-volume CO2 was inflated into the thorax at 100 ml/min and 2 mm mercury. This allowed spontaneous reduction of the thoracic viscera into the abdomen and diaphragmatic suture with minimal handling. The 65-min procedure was tolerated well without perioperative deterioration. The baby was weaned off the respirator and breast-fed within 2 days, mediastinal shift normalized in 6 days. In suitable infants thoracoscopic repair and inflation-assisted reduction of thoracic contents is a more physiological access to congenital diaphragmatic hernia than laparoscopy or laparotomy.
KeywordsCongenital diaphragmatic hernia Thoracoscopic Resuscitation Neonate Endoscopic surgery
Support by Sonnenfeld Stiftung and Mickey foundation, Berlin, Mc Donald’s–Kinderhilfe, Munich