Climate Dynamics

, Volume 18, Issue 3–4, pp 219–224 | Cite as

Tree-ring estimates of Pacific decadal climate variability

  • R. D'Arrigo
  • R. Villalba
  • G. Wiles


 Decadal-scale oscillatory modes of atmosphere-ocean variability have recently been identified in instrumental studies of the Pacific sector. The regime shift around 1976 is one example of such a fluctuation, which has been shown to have significantly impacted climate and the environment along the coastline of the western N and S Americas. The length of meteorological data for the Pacific and western Americas critically limits analyses of such decadal-scale climate variability. Here we present reconstructions of the annual Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) index based on western North American tree-ring records which account for up to 53% of the instrumental variance and extend as far back as AD 1700. The PDO reconstructions indicate that decadal-scale climatic shifts have occurred prior to the period of instrumental record. Evaluation of temperature and precipitation-sensitive tree-ring series from the northeast Pacific as well as these reconstructions reveals evidence for a shift towards less pronounced interdecadal variability after about the middle 1800s. Our analyses also suggest that sites from both the northeast Pacific coast as well as the subtropical Americas need to be included in proxy data sets used to reconstruct the PDO.


Climate Variability Pacific Decadal Oscillation Regime Shift Interdecadal Variability Pacific Sector 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. D'Arrigo
    • 1
  • R. Villalba
    • 2
  • G. Wiles
    • 3
  1. 1.Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, P.O. Box 1000, Route 9W, Palisades, NY 10964, USA E-mail: druidrd@ldeo.columbia.eduUS
  2. 2.Departamento de Dendrocronología e Historia Ambiental, IANIGLA – CRICYT, C.C. 330, (5500) Mendoza, ArgentinaAR
  3. 3.The College of Wooster, Wooster, OH 44691, USAUS

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