Advertisement

Analysis of the middle atmospheric ozone using SABER observations: a study over mid-latitudes in the northern and southern hemispheres

Abstract

The present study focuses on the middle atmospheric ozone variability using 14 (2002–2015) years of Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry onboard Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics satellite observations over the mid-latitude regions of northern and southern hemispheres. It is noted that ozone buildup starts late winter, and peaks during the springtime and gradually decreases in summer to autumn transitional period in both the hemispheres. The time series of ozone indicates the dominant annual and semi-annual oscillations in the middle atmosphere. The annual oscillation (AO) is found to be dominant over both the hemispheres, while the semi-annual oscillation (SAO) peaks at two different altitude regions: 30–60 km and 80–100 km. Further, the amplitude of AO is much significant than SSAO and MSAO. It is also noted another significant oscillation that peaks at ~ 4 months in the altitude range 60–80 km. The strength of these oscillations at different sites is studied by comparing it with the zonal mean spectrum to assess the longitudinal asymmetry. It is found that the longitudinal asymmetry is more significant in the northern hemisphere than the southern hemisphere. This can be attributed to the differences in the land (elevated topographies in the northern hemisphere) and primarily ocean (in southern hemisphere) contrast that further contributes to the differences in the strength of the vertically propagating planetary-scale waves modulating the middle atmospheric ozone.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. Allen M, Lunine JI, Yung YL (1984) The vertical distribution of ozone in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. J Geophys Res 89:4841. https://doi.org/10.1029/JD089iD03p04841

  2. Beig G, Fadnavis S, Schmidt H, Brasseur GP (2012) Inter-comparison of 11-year solar cycle response in mesospheric ozone and temperature obtained by HALOE satellite data and HAMMONIA model. J Geophys Res Atmos. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD015697

  3. Bevilacqua RM, Strobel DF, Summers ME et al (1990) The seasonal variation of water vapor and ozone in the upper mesosphere: implications for vertical transport and ozone photochemistry. J Geophys Res 95:883. https://doi.org/10.1029/JD095iD01p00883

  4. Brasseur G, Hitchman MH (1988) Stratospheric response to trace gas perturbations: changes in ozone and temperature distributions. Science (New York, NY) 240:634–637. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.240.4852.634

  5. Cicerone RJ (1987) Changes in stratospheric ozone. Science (New York, NY) 237:35–42. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.237.4810.35

  6. Domingues MO, Mendes O, da Costa AM (2005) On wavelet techniques in atmospheric sciences. Adv Space Res 35:831–842. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ASR.2005.02.097

  7. Evans WFJ, Llewellyn EJ (1972) Measurements of mesospheric ozone from observations of the 1.27μ band. Radio Sci 7:45–50

  8. Fioletov VE (2008) Ozone climatology, trends, and substances that control ozone. Atmos Ocean 46(1):39–67. https://doi.org/10.3137/ao.460103

  9. Fioletov VE, Shepherd TG (2003) Seasonal persistence of midlatitude total ozone anomalies. Geophys Res Lett. https://doi.org/10.1029/2002GL016739

  10. Frederick JE, Huang FT, Douglass AR, Reber CA (1983) The distribution and annual cycle of ozone in the upper stratosphere. J Geophys Res 88:3819. https://doi.org/10.1029/JC088iC06p03819

  11. Garcia RR, Solomon S (1994) A new numerical model of the middle atmosphere: 2 Ozone and related species. J Geophys Res 99:12937. https://doi.org/10.1029/94JD00725

  12. Hays PB, Roble RG (1973) Observation of mesospheric ozone at low latitudes. Planet Space Sci 21:273–279

  13. Hingane LS (1984) Ozone in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. J Earth Syst Sci 93:91–103. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02871988

  14. Huang FT, Mayr HG, Russell JM III, Mlynczak MG (2016) Ozone and temperature decadal responses to solar variability in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere, based on measurements from SABER on TIMED. Ann Geophys 34:29–40. https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-34-29-2016

  15. Katsavrias C, Preka-Papadema P, Moussas X (2012) Wavelet analysis on solar wind parameters and geomagnetic indices. Sol Phys 280:623–640. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-012-0078-6

  16. Kulkarni RN (1962) Comparison of ozone variations and of its distribution with height over middle latitudes of the two hemispheres. Quart J R Meteorol Soc. https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49708837813

  17. Kulkarni RN (1968) Ozone fluctuations in relation to upper air perturbations in the middle latitudes of the southern hemisphere. Tellus 20(2):305–313. https://doi.org/10.3402/tellusa.v20i2.10010

  18. Langematz U (2019) Stratospheric ozone: down and up through the anthropocene. ChemTexts 5:8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40828-019-0082-7

  19. Maeda K (1987) Annual and semiannual oscillations of stratospheric ozone. Pure Appl Geophys PAGEOPH 125:147–165. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00878619

  20. Marsh DR, Skinner WR, Marshall AR et al (2002) High Resolution Doppler Imager observations of ozone in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere. J Geophys Res 107:4390. https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JD001505

  21. Miller DE, Ryder P (1973) Measurement of the ozone concentration from 55 to 95 km at sunset. Planet Space Sci 21:963–970

  22. Morlet J, Arens G, Fourgeau E, Glard D (1982) Wave propagation and sampling theory—Part I: complex signal and scattering in multilayered media. Geophysics 47:203–221. https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1441328

  23. Mze N, Hauchecorne A, Bencherif H et al (2010) Climatology and comparison of ozone from ENVISAT/GOMOS and SHADOZ/balloon-sonde observations in the southern tropics. Atmos Chem Phys 10:8025–8035. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-8025-2010

  24. Nagahama T, Nakane H, Fujinuma Y et al (1999) Ground-based millimeter-wave observations of ozone in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere over Tsukuba. Earth Planets Space 51:1287–1296. https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351602

  25. Nath O, Sridharan S (2014) Long-term variabilities and tendencies in zonal mean TIMED–SABER ozone and temperature in the middle atmosphere at 10–15°N. J Atmos Solar Terr Phys 120:1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JASTP.2014.08.010

  26. Newell RE (1961) The transport of trace substances in the atmosphere and their implications for the general circulation of the stratosphere. Geofisica Pura e Applicata 49:137. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01992149

  27. Perliski LM, London J (1989) Satellite observed long-term averaged seasonal and spatial ozone variations in the stratosphere. Planet Space Sci 37:1509–1525. https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-0633(89)90142-6

  28. Perliski LM, Solomon S, London J (1989) On the interpretation of seasonal variations of stratospheric ozone. Planet Space Sci 37:1527–1538. https://doi.org/10.1016/0032-0633(89)90143-8

  29. Portmann RW, Daniel JS, Ravishankara AR (2012) Stratospheric ozone depletion due to nitrous oxide: influences of other gases. Philos Trans R Soc B Biol Sci 367:1256–1264. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2011.0377

  30. Reddy CA (1988) The middle atmosphere: processes and Interactions. Ind J Radio Space Phys 17:193–202

  31. Remsberg E, Lingenfelser G (2010) Analysis of SAGE II ozone of the middle and upper stratosphere for its response to a decadal-scale forcing. Atmos Chem Phys 10:11779–11790. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-10-11779-2010

  32. Rieder HE, Frossard L, Ribatet M et al (2013) On the relationship between total ozone and atmospheric dynamics and chemistry at mid-latitudes—Part 2: the effects of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, volcanic eruptions and contributions of atmospheric dynamics and chemistry to long-term total ozone. Atmos Chem Phys 13:165–179. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-165-2013

  33. Russell JMIII, Mlynczak MG, Gordley LL, Tansock J, Esplin R (1999) An overview of the SABER experiment and preliminary calibration results. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 3756:277–288

  34. Schneider N, Selsis F, Urban J et al (2005) Seasonal and diurnal ozone variations: observations and modeling. J Atmos Chem 50:25–47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10874-005-1172-z

  35. Sharma S, Kumar P, Jethva C et al (2017) Investigations of the middle atmospheric thermal structure and oscillations over sub-tropical regions in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Clim Dyn 48:3671–3684. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3293-2

  36. Sivakumar V, Portafaix T, Bencherif H et al (2007) Stratospheric ozone climatology and variability over a southern subtropical site: Reunion Island (21° S; 55° E). Ann Geophys 25:2321–2334. https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-25-2321-2007

  37. Sivakumar V, Vishnu Prasanth P, Kishore P et al (2011) Rayleigh LIDAR and satellite (HALOE, SABER, CHAMP and COSMIC) measurements of stratosphere-mesosphere temperature over a southern sub-tropical site, Reunion (20.8° S; 55.5° E): climatology and comparison study. Ann Geophys 29:649–662. https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-29-649-2011

  38. Smith AK, Marsh DR (2005) Processes that account for the ozone maximum at the mesopause. J Geophys Res 110:D23305. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006298

  39. Solomon S, Portmann RW, Garcia RR et al (1996) The role of aerosol variations in anthropogenic ozone depletion at northern midlatitudes. J Geophys Res Atmos 101:6713–6727. https://doi.org/10.1029/95JD03353

  40. Solomon S, Portmann RW, Garcia RR et al (1998) Ozone depletion at mid-latitudes: coupling of volcanic aerosols and temperature variability to anthropogenic chlorine. Geophys Res Lett 25:1871–1874. https://doi.org/10.1029/98GL01293

  41. Steinbrecht W, Claude H, Winkler P (2004) Enhanced upper stratospheric ozone: sign of recovery or solar cycle effect? J Geophys Res 109:D02308. https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004284

  42. Thomas RJ (1990) Seasonal ozone variations in the upper mesosphere. J Geophys Res 95:7395. https://doi.org/10.1029/JD095iD06p07395

  43. Zechmeister M, Kürster M (2009) The generalised Lomb–Scargle periodogram—a new formalism for the floating-mean and Keplerian periodograms. Astron Astrophys. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:200811296

Download references

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to SABER onboard TIMED satellite team members for providing valuable ozone data (https://saber.gats-inc.com/). This work is supported by the Dept. of Space, Govt. of India.

Author information

Correspondence to Som Sharma or Kondapalli Niranjan Kumar.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary file1 (DOCX 1318 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Joshi, V., Sharma, S., Kumar, K. et al. Analysis of the middle atmospheric ozone using SABER observations: a study over mid-latitudes in the northern and southern hemispheres. Clim Dyn (2020) doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05124-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Middle atmosphere
  • Ozone
  • SABER
  • Atmospheric oscillations