Advertisement

Changing dynamical control of early Asian summer monsoon in the mid-1990s

Abstract

The seasonal evolution of the upper tropospheric South Asian high follows and influences underlying summer monsoon advancement. A strong connection between the South Asian high and westerly perturbation to the north suggests further planetary-scale dynamical control of the monsoon. In the mid-1990s, a clear location shift of the South Asian high in May–June was noted and was observed in fewer (more) frequencies of the high centers over the Indochina Peninsula (Iranian Plateau). Continental confinement of monsoonal circulation and precipitation was observed during 1995–2010, as opposed to larger-scale development in the Asia–Pacific region during 1979–1994. In view of early-summer monsoon evolution, a westward shifting and faster migration of the South Asian high may imply increased control of the midlatitude dynamics. By contrast, the convection over the tropical Western North Pacific (WNP) has an opposite and delayed contribution to monsoon advancement. After the mid-1990s than it had been previously, the midlatitude jet stream largely weakened over northern Africa and the East Asia–Pacific region, corresponding to an increase in the upper tropospheric geopotential heights north of the jet stream. Climate model experiments further reveal that the warming over Europe–Asia and temperature change in the North Atlantic can result in the change in midlatitude perturbations and the monsoon evolution in the mid-1990s, suggesting large-scale and dynamic impact on monsoon climatology.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10

References

  1. Barriopedro D, Fischer EM, Luterbacher J, Trigo RM, Garcia-Herrera R (2011) The hot summer of 2010: redrawing the temperature record map of Europe. Science 332:220–224. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201224

  2. Boos WR, Kuang Z (2010) Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature 463:218–222. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08707

  3. Coumou D, Rahmstorf S (2012) A decade of weather extremes. Nat Clim Change 2:491–496. https://doi.org/10.1038/Nclimate1452

  4. Ding YH, Wang ZY, Sun Y (2008) Inter-decadal variation of the summer precipitation in East China and its association with decreasing Asian summer monsoon. Part I: observed evidences. Int J Climatol 28:1139–1161. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1615

  5. Enfield DB, Mestas-Nuñez AM, Trimble PJ (2001) The Atlantic multidecadal oscillation and its relation to rainfall and river flows in the continental U.S. Geophys Res Lett 28:2077–2080. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000gl012745

  6. Enomoto T (2004) Interannual variability of the Bonin high associated with the propagation of rossby waves along the Asian jet. J Meteorol Soc Jpn 82:1019–1034. https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2004.1019

  7. Huang Y, Wang B, Li X, Wang H (2018) Changes in the influence of the western Pacific subtropical high on Asian summer monsoon rainfall in the late 1990s. Clim Dyn 51:443–455. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3933-1

  8. Huffman GJ, Adler RF, Morrissey MM, Bolvin DT, Curtis S, Joyce R, McGavock B, Susskind J (2001) Global precipitation at one-degree daily resolution from multisatellite observations. J Hydrometeorol 2:36–50. https://doi.org/10.1175/1525-7541(2001)002%3c0036:Gpaodd%3e2.0.Co;2

  9. Jiang Z, Yang S, He J, Li J, Liang J (2008) Interdecadal variations of East Asian summer monsoon northward propagation and influences on summer precipitation over East China. Meteorol Atmos Phys 100:101–119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00703-008-0298-3

  10. Kajikawa Y, Yasunari T, Yoshida S, Fujinami H (2012) Advanced Asian summer monsoon onset in recent decades. Geophys Res Lett. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gl050540

  11. Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Zhu Y, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Higgins W, Janowiak J, Mo KC, Ropelewski C, Wang J, Leetmaa A, Reynolds R, Jenne R, Joseph D (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 77:437–471. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1996)077%3c0437:Tnyrp%3e2.0.Co;2

  12. Kucharski F, Molteni F, Bracco A (2005) Decadal interactions between the western tropical Pacific and the North Atlantic Oscillation. Clim Dyn 26:79–91. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-005-0085-5

  13. Li J, Wu Z, Jiang Z, He J (2010) Can global warming strengthen the East Asian summer monsoon? J Clim 23:6696–6705. https://doi.org/10.1175/2010jcli3434.1

  14. Li H, Wang H, Yin Y (2012) Interdecadal variation of the West African summer monsoon during 1979–2010 and associated variability. Clim Dyn 39:2883–2894. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1426-9

  15. Li H, He S, Fan K, Wang H (2018) Relationship between the onset date of the Meiyu and the South Asian anticyclone in April and the related mechanisms. Clim Dyn. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4131-5

  16. Liu HW, Zhou TJ, Zhu YX, Lin YH (2012) The strengthening East Asia summer monsoon since the early 1990s. Chin Sci Bull 57:1553–1558. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11434-012-4991-8

  17. Liu BQ, Wu GX, Mao JY, He JH (2013) Genesis of the South Asian high and its impact on the Asian summer monsoon onset. J Clim 26:2976–2991. https://doi.org/10.1175/Jcli-D-12-00286.1

  18. Molteni F (2003) Atmospheric simulations using a GCM with simplified physical parametrizations. I: model climatology and variability in multi-decadal experiments. Clim Dyn 20:175–191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-002-0268-2

  19. Nutzel M, Dameris M, Garny H (2016) Movement, drivers and bimodality of the South Asian High. Atmos Chem Phys 16:14755–14774. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-14755-2016

  20. Preethi B, Mujumdar M, Prabhu A, Kripalani R (2017a) Variability and teleconnections of South and East Asian summer monsoons in present and future projections of CMIP5 climate models. Asia-Pac J Atmos Sci 53:305–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13143-017-0034-3

  21. Preethi B, Mujumdar M, Kripalani RH, Prabhu A, Krishnan R (2017b) Recent trends and tele-connections among South and East Asian summer monsoons in a warming environment. Clim Dyn 48:2489–2505. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3218-0

  22. Reynolds RW, Smith TM, Liu C, Chelton DB, Casey KS, Schlax MG (2007) Daily high-resolution-blended analyses for sea surface temperature. J Clim 20:5473–5496. https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jcli1824.1

  23. Turner AG, Annamalai H (2012) Climate change and the South Asian summer monsoon. Nat Clim Change 2:587–595. https://doi.org/10.1038/Nclimate1495

  24. Wang B, Liu J, Kim H-J, Webster PJ, Yim S-Y (2012) Recent change of the global monsoon precipitation (1979–2008). Clim Dyn 39:1123–1135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-011-1266-z

  25. Watanabe T, Yamazaki K (2012) Influence of the anticyclonic anomaly in the subtropical jet over the western tibetan plateau on the intraseasonal variability of the summer Asian monsoon in early summer. J Clim 25:1291–1303. https://doi.org/10.1175/Jcli-D-11-00036.1

  26. Wei W, Zhang RH, Wen M, Kim BJ, Nam JC (2015) Interannual variation of the South Asian high and its relation with indian and east asian summer monsoon rainfall. J Clim 28:2623–2634. https://doi.org/10.1175/Jcli-D-14-00454.1

  27. Weng S-P, Yang C-D (2018) The construction and verification of daily gridded rainfall dataset (1960–2015) in Taiwan. Taiwan Water Conserv 66:33–52

  28. Wu C-H, Hsu H-H (2016) Role of the Indochina Peninsula narrow mountains in modulating the East Asian-Western North Pacific summer monsoon. J Clim 29:4445–4459. https://doi.org/10.1175/jcli-d-15-0594.1

  29. Wu CH, Hsu HH, Chou MD (2014) Effect of the Arakan Mountains in the northwestern Indochina Peninsula on the late May Asian monsoon transition. J Geophys Res-Atmos 119:10769–10779. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014jd022024

  30. Wu GX, Duan AM, Liu YM, Mao JY, Ren RC, Bao Q, He B, Liu BQ, Hu WT (2015) Tibetan Plateau climate dynamics: recent research progress and outlook. Natl Sci Rev 2:100–116. https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwu045

  31. Wu C-H, Chou M-D, Fong Y-H (2018a) Impact of the Himalayas on the Meiyu-Baiu migration. Clim Dyn 50:1307–1319. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-3686-x

  32. Wu C-H, Wang S-YS, Hsu H-H (2018b) Large-scale control of the Arabian Sea monsoon inversion in August. Clim Dyn 51:2581–2592. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-017-4029-7

  33. Xiaowei H, Riyu L, Shuanglin L (2017) Amplified summer warming in Europe–West Asia and Northeast Asia after the mid-1990s. Environ Res Lett 12:094007

  34. Yim SY, Wang B, Kwon M (2014) Interdecadal change of the controlling mechanisms for East Asian early summer rainfall variation around the mid-1990s. Clim Dyn 42:1325–1333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-013-1760-6

  35. Yu RC, Zhou TJ (2007) Seasonality and three-dimensional structure of interdecadal change in the East Asian monsoon. J Clim 20:5344–5355. https://doi.org/10.1175/2007jcli1559.1

  36. Zhang Q, Wu GX, Qian YF (2002) The bimodality of the 100 hPa South Asia High and its relationship to the climate anomaly over East Asia in summer. J Meteorol Soc Jpn 80:733–744. https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.80.733

  37. Zhang PF, Liu YM, He BA (2016) Impact of East Asian summer monsoon heating on the interannual variation of the South Asian high. J Clim 29:159–173. https://doi.org/10.1175/Jcli-D-15-0118.1

  38. Zhou NF, Yu YQ, Qian YF (2009a) Bimodality of the South Asia High Simulated by coupled models. Adv Atmos Sci 26:1226–1234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-009-7219-3

  39. Zhou TJ, Yu RC, Zhang J, Drange H, Cassou C, Deser C, Hodson DLR, Sanchez-Gomez E, Li J, Keenlyside N, Xin XG, Okumura Y (2009b) Why the western Pacific subtropical high has extended westward since the late 1970s. J Clim 22:2199–2215. https://doi.org/10.1175/2008jcli2527.1

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan, under grants MOST 107-2119-M-001-013. The authors are grateful for the used CMIP5 models, the SPEEDY model provided by the ICTP, and the datasets available as addressed in Sect. 2. CHW would like to thank Prof. Ming-Dah Chou for useful discussions. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments.

Author information

Correspondence to Chi-Hua Wu.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wu, C., Tsai, P. & Freychet, N. Changing dynamical control of early Asian summer monsoon in the mid-1990s. Clim Dyn 54, 85–98 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-019-04989-6

Download citation

Keywords

  • Asian summer monsoon
  • Decadal change
  • Monsoon dynamics
  • Monsoon-midlatitude interaction
  • South Asian high