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Climate Dynamics

, Volume 53, Issue 5–6, pp 2643–2662 | Cite as

Linkage between moisture transport over the Yangtze River Basin and a critical area of the Tibetan Plateau during the Meiyu

  • Lili Dong
  • Xiangde XuEmail author
  • Tianliang Zhao
  • Hongchang Ren
Article

Abstract

Located downstream of the Tibetan Plateau (TP), the Yangtze River Basin (YRB) in China frequently experiences torrential rainfall and severe rainstorms within the zonally elongate Meiyu belt. Inter-annual variations in drought and flooding in the YRB are shown to be highly correlated with the upstream surface latent heat flux (SLHF) over the TP, suggesting that the SLHF over the TP can be a “strong signal” of Meiyu variability. Results show that the southeastern margin of the TP (SEMTP) is the most “sensitivity area” of the “strong signal”. On inter-annual scales, low (high) SLHF over the SEMTP corresponds to high (low) humidity at upper levels, strong (weak) zonal moisture transport and a southerly (northerly) pattern of East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) moisture transport circulation in July. The anomalous moisture flow originating from the mid to low latitude oceans, converges in the east of the SEMTP and turns eastward (northward); thus, the SEMTP acts as the key area of redirection of moisture flow. The ridge of moisture transport is located at about 22.5°N (29.5°N) in East China for low (high) SLHF over the SEMTP. Under low SLHF conditions, the warm, humid airflow from the SEMTP creates favorable conditions for Meiyu rainfall and torrential rainstorms. Numerical simulation and sensitivity analyses using the mesoscale Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model further reveal that SLHF over the SEMTP shows pronounced “strong signal” features. The variation of intensity of SLHF over the SEMTP corresponds to the moisture transport structure of the Meiyu rain belt and the location of the ridge of the subtropical high in East China. An increase in the apparent heat source Q1 over the main body of the TP might explain the “strong signal” over the SEMTP. This apparent heat source plays an important role in modulating both the SLHF over the SEMTP and the location of the subtropical high circulation system.

Keywords

“Sensitivity area” of the Tibetan Plateau Yangtze River Basin Meiyu Surface latent heat flux “Strong signal” Moisture transport 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to Dr. Jianjun Xu (College of Ocean and Meteorology, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, 524088, China) and Dr. Bin Chen (State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China) for their helpful comments and advice on the manuscript. This study acknowledges the supported of China Meteorological Administration Special Public Welfare Research Fund (GYHY201406001), National Natural Science Foundation of China (91644223), Major projects of Natural Science Foundation (91337000) and China Academy of Engineering Consulting Project (2017-XY-21).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lili Dong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiangde Xu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Tianliang Zhao
    • 2
  • Hongchang Ren
    • 3
  1. 1.Nanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Severe WeatherChinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Meteorological Center, China Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina

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