Climate Dynamics

, Volume 51, Issue 11–12, pp 4029–4041 | Cite as

An advanced impact of Arctic stratospheric ozone changes on spring precipitation in China

  • Fei Xie
  • Xuan MaEmail author
  • Jianping Li
  • Jinlong Huang
  • Wenshou Tian
  • Jiankai Zhang
  • Yongyun Hu
  • Cheng Sun
  • Xin Zhou
  • Juan Feng
  • Yun Yang


The effect of spring Arctic Stratospheric Ozone (ASO) changes on spring precipitation in China is analyzed using observations, reanalysis data, and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model version 4 (WACCM4). We find that February–March mean ASO changes have a significant impact on April–May mean precipitation over Loess Plateau and middle–lower reaches of the Yangtze River—two important grain-producing regions with large populations. Changes in the polar vortex link the ASO to precipitation in China. Stratospheric circulation anomalies caused by ASO changes can propagate to the North Pacific. An increase in ASO leads to enhanced westerlies in the high and low latitudes of the North Pacific but weakened westerly in the mid-latitudes of the North Pacific. The circulation anomalies over the North Pacific, forced by the increase of ASO, can extend westwards to East Asia, leading to an abnormal anticyclone in the East Asian upper and middle troposphere, and an abnormal cyclone in the lower troposphere. This enhances the warm and humid airstream from Western Pacific to Chinese mainland and strengthens upwelling over Loess Plateau and middle–lower reaches of the Yangtze River. These conditions enhance precipitation in central China during positive ASO anomaly events and reduce precipitation during negative events. The WACCM4 simulations support the results from statistical analysis of observations and reanalysis data. Our results suggest that ASO variation can serve as a predictor of spring precipitation variation over Loess Plateau and middle–lower reaches of the Yangtze River.



Funding for this project was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41790474, 41530423, and 41575039). We acknowledge ozone datasets from the SWOOSH and GOZCARDS; precipitation from China Meteorological Administration, GPCC and GPCP; Meteorological fields from NCEP2.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fei Xie
    • 1
  • Xuan Ma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jianping Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jinlong Huang
    • 3
  • Wenshou Tian
    • 3
  • Jiankai Zhang
    • 3
  • Yongyun Hu
    • 4
  • Cheng Sun
    • 1
  • Xin Zhou
    • 5
  • Juan Feng
    • 1
  • Yun Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Global Change and Earth System ScienceBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical ModelingQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Semi-Arid Climate Change of the Ministry of EducationCollege of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  4. 4.Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, School of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Atmospheric ScienceChengdu University of Information TechnologyChengduChina

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