Advertisement

Climate Dynamics

, Volume 52, Issue 1–2, pp 765–775 | Cite as

An interdecadal climate dipole between Northeast Asia and Antarctica over the past five centuries

  • Keyan FangEmail author
  • Deliang Chen
  • Zhengtang Guo
  • Yan Zhao
  • David Frank
  • Maosheng He
  • Feifei Zhou
  • Feng Shi
  • Heikki Seppä
  • Peng Zhang
  • Raphael Neukom
Article

Abstract

Climate models emphasize the need to investigate inter-hemispheric climatic interactions. However, these models often underestimate the inter-hemispheric differences in climate change. With the wide application of reanalysis data since 1948, we identified a dipole pattern between the geopotential heights (GPHs) in Northeast Asia and Antarctica on the interdecadal scale in boreal summer. This Northeast Asia/Antarctica (NAA) dipole pattern is not conspicuous on the interannual scale, probably in that the interannual inter-hemispheric climate interaction is masked by strong interannual signals in the tropics associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Unfortunately, the instrumental records are not sufficiently long-lasting to detect the interdecadal variability of the NAA. We thus reconstructed GPHs since 1565, making using the proxy records mostly from tree rings in Northeast Asia and ice cores from Antarctica. The strength of the NAA is time-varying and it is most conspicuous in the eighteenth century and after the late twentieth century. The strength of the NAA matches well with the variations of the solar radiation and tends to increase in along with its enhancement. In boreal summer, enhanced heating associated with high solar radiation in the Northern Hemisphere drives more air masses from the South to the North. This inter-hemispheric interaction is particularly strong in East Asia as a result of the Asian summer monsoon. Northeast Asia and Antarctica appear to be the key regions responsible for inter-hemispheric interactions on the interdecadal scale in boreal summer since they are respectively located at the front and the end of this inter-hemispheric trajectory.

Keywords

Interdecadal climate change Asian summer monsoon Climate reconstruction Northeast Asia Antarctica 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by the National Science Foundation of China (41471172 and U1405231), the Fellowship for 10000 People Plan of China (Distinguished Young Scientists), the Swedish STINT, VR, as well as MERGE and BECC.

Supplementary material

382_2018_4161_MOESM1_ESM.docx (235 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 234 KB)
382_2018_4161_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (1.9 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 1934 KB)
382_2018_4161_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (461 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (XLSX 461 KB)

References

  1. Allan R, Lindesay J, Parker D (1996) El Nino: southern oscillation and climatic variability. CSIRO Publishing, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  2. An Z, Clemens SC, Shen J, Qiang X, Jin Z, Sun Y, Prell WL, Luo J, Wang S, Xu H (2011) Glacial-interglacial Indian summer monsoon dynamics. Science 333:719–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. An Z, Colman SM, Zhou W, Li X, Brown ET, Jull AT, Cai Y, Huang Y, Lu X, Chang H (2012) Interplay between the Westerlies and Asian monsoon recorded in Lake Qinghai sediments since 32 ka. Sci Rep.  https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00619 Google Scholar
  4. Baker PA, Rigsby CA, Seltzer GO, Fritz SC, Lowenstein TK, Bacher NP, Veliz C (2001) Tropical climate changes at millennial and orbital timescales on the Bolivian Altiplano. Nature 409:698–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bard E, Raisbeck G, Yiou F, Jouzel J (2000) Solar irradiance during the last 1200 years based on cosmogenic nuclides. Tellus B 52:985–992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blunier T, Brook EJ (2001) Timing of millennial-scale climate change in Antarctica and Greenland during the last glacial period. Science 291:109–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chylek P, Folland CK, Lesins G, Dubey MK (2010) Twentieth century bipolar seesaw of the Arctic and Antarctic surface air temperatures. Geophys Res Lett.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL042793 Google Scholar
  8. Cook ER (1985) A time series analysis approach to tree ring standardization. vol PhD. The University of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  9. Cook E, Meko DM, Stahle DW, Cleaveland MK (1999) Drought reconstructions for the continental United States. J Clim 12:1145–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cook E, Anchukaitis KJ, Buckley BM, D’Arrigo RD, Jacoby GC, Wright WE (2010) Asian monsoon failure and Megadrought during the last millennium. Science 328:486–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Delaygue G, Bard E (2010) An Antarctic view of Beryllium-10 and solar activity for the past millennium. Clim Dyn.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-00010-00795-00381 Google Scholar
  12. Duhamel P, Vetterli M (1991) Fast fourier transforms: a tutorial review and a state of the art. Sig Process 19:259–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eddy JA (1976) The maunder minimum. Science 192:1189–1202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fang K, Davi N, Gou X, Chen F, Cook E, Li J, D’Arrigo R (2010) Spatial drought reconstructions for central High Asia based on tree rings. Clim Dyn 35:941–951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fang K, Chen D, Li J, Seppä H (2014) Covarying hydroclimate patterns between Monsoonal Asia and North America over the past 600 years. J Clim.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-1113-00364.00361 Google Scholar
  16. Fang K, Seppä H, Chen D (2015) Interdecadal hydroclimate teleconnections between Asia and North America over the past 600 years. Clim Dyn 7–8:1777–1787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Friedman AR, Hwang Y-T, Chiang JC, Frierson DM (2013) Interhemispheric temperature asymmetry over the twentieth century and in future projections. J Clim 26:5419–5433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gong D, Wang S (1999) Definition of Antarctic oscillation index. Geophys Res Lett 26:459–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Guan Z, Yamagata T (2001) Interhemispheric oscillations in the surface air pressure field. Geophys Res Lett 28:263–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Guo Z, Zhou X, Wu H (2012) Glacial-interglacial water cycle, global monsoon and atmospheric methane changes. Clim Dyn 39:1073–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang B, Banzon VF, Freeman E, Lawrimore J, Liu W, Peterson TC, Smith TM, Thorne PW, Woodruff SD, Zhang H-M (2015) Extended reconstructed sea surface temperature version 4 (ERSST. v4). Part I: upgrades and intercomparisons. J Clim 28:911–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Sana S, White G, Woollen J (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bull Am Meteor Soc 77:437–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kanner LC, Burns SJ, Hai C, Lawrence R E (2012) High-latitude forcing of the South American summer monsoon during the Last Glacial. Science 335:570–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kennedy J, Rayner N, Smith R, Parker D, Saunby M (2011a) Reassessing biases and other uncertainties in sea surface temperature observations measured in situ since 1850: 1. Measurement and sampling uncertainties. J Geophys Res 116(D14).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD015218
  25. Kennedy J, Rayner N, Smith R, Parker D, Saunby M (2011b) Reassessing biases and other uncertainties in sea surface temperature observations measured in situ since 1850: 2. Biases and homogenization. J Geophys Res Atmos 116(D14).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD015218
  26. Kennedy J, Rayner N, Smith R, Parker D, Saunby M (2011b) Reassessing biases and other uncertainties in sea surface temperature observations measured in situ since 1850: 2. Biases and homogenization. J Geophys Res Atmos (1984–2012). Google Scholar
  27. Kistler R, Kalnay E, Collins W, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Kanamitsu M, Kousky V (2001) The NCEP-NCAR 50-year reanalysis: monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 82:247–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Knudsen MF, Jacobsen BH, Seidenkrantz M-S, Olsen J (2014) Evidence for external forcing of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since termination of the Little Ice Age. Nat Commun.  https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4323 Google Scholar
  29. Mann ME, Zhang Z, Rutherford S, Bradley RS, Hughes MK, Shindell D, Ammann C, Faluvegi G, Ni F (2009) Global signatures and dynamical origins of the Little Ice Age and Medieval Climate Anomaly. Science 326:1256–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Neukom R, Gergis J, Karoly DJ, Wanner H, Curran M, Elbert J, González-Rouco F, Linsley BK, Moy AD, Mundo I (2014) Inter-hemispheric temperature variability over the past millennium. Nat Clim Change 4:362–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. PAGES 2 k Consortium (2013) Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia. Nat Geosci 6:339–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pyper BJ, Peterman RM (1998) Comparison of methods to account for autocorrelation in correlation analyses of fish data. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 55:2127–2140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sachs J, Sachse D, Smittenberg R, Zhang Z, Battisti D, Golubic S (2009) Southward movement of the Pacific intertropical convergence zone. AD 1400–1850. Nat Geosci.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1554 Google Scholar
  34. Shi F, Ge Q, Yang B, Li J, Yang F, Ljungqvist FC, Solomina O, Nakatsuka T, Wang N, Zhao S (2015) A multi-proxy reconstruction of spatial and temporal variations in Asian summer temperatures over the last millennium. Clim Change 131:663–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sun C, Li J, Jin F-F, Ding R (2013) Sea surface temperature inter-hemispheric dipole and its relation to tropical precipitation. Environ Res Lett 8:044006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sun C, Li J, Feng J, Xie F (2015) A decadal-scale teleconnection between the North Atlantic oscillation and subtropical eastern Australian rainfall. J Clim 28:1074–1092CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tan M, Liu T, Hou J, Qin X, Zhang H, Li T (2003) Cyclic rapid warming on centennial-scale revealed by a 2650-year stalagmite record of warm season temperature. Geophys Res Lett 30:1617–1620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Thompson DW, Wallace JM (2000) Annular modes in the extratropical circulation. Part I: month-to-month variability. J Clim 13:1000–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Villalba R, Cook E, D’Arrigo R, Jacoby G, Jones P, Salinger M, Palmer J (1997) Sea-level pressure variability around Antarctica since AD 1750 inferred from subantarctic tree-ring records. Clim Dyn 13:375–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang B, Linho (2002) Rainy season of the Asian-Pacific summer monsoon. J Clim 15:386–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wang X, Auler AS, Edwards RL, Cheng H, Ito E, Solheid M (2006) Interhemispheric anti-phasing of rainfall during the last glacial period. Quatern Sci Rev 25:3391–3403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Xiao C, Mayewski PA, Qin D, Li Z, Zhang M, Yan Y (2004) Sea level pressure variability over the southern Indian Ocean inferred from a glaciochemical record in Princess Elizabeth Land, east Antarctica. J Geophys Res Atmos 109(D16).  https://doi.org/10.1029/2003JD004065
  43. Yan H, Wei W, Soon W, An Z, Zhou W, Liu Z, Wang Y, Carter RM (2015) Dynamics of the intertropical convergence zone over the western Pacific during the Little Ice Age. Nat Geosci.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO2375 Google Scholar
  44. Zhang P, Ionita M, Lohmann G, Chen D, Linderholm HW (2016) Can tree-ring density data reflect summer temperature extremes and associated circulation patterns over Fennoscandia? Clim Dyn.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-00016-03452-00385 Google Scholar
  45. Zhao P, Zhu Y, Zhang R (2007) An Asian–Pacific teleconnection in summer tropospheric temperature and associated Asian climate variability. Clim Dyn 29:293–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process (Ministry of Education)Fujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.Regional Climate Group, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth Sciences (CETES)BeijingChina
  6. 6.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  7. 7.Laboratory of Tree-ring ResearchUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA
  8. 8.Leibniz Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsKühlungsbornGermany
  9. 9.Department of Geosciences and GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  10. 10.Oeschger Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations