Advertisement

Climate Dynamics

, Volume 51, Issue 9–10, pp 3579–3596 | Cite as

The role of Amundsen–Bellingshausen Sea anticyclonic circulation in forcing marine air intrusions into West Antarctica

  • B. Daniel Emanuelsson
  • Nancy A. N. Bertler
  • Peter D. Neff
  • James A. Renwick
  • Bradley R. Markle
  • W. Troy Baisden
  • Elizabeth D. Keller
Article

Abstract

Persistent positive 500-hPa geopotential height anomalies from the ECMWF ERA-Interim reanalysis are used to quantify Amundsen–Bellingshausen Sea (ABS) anticyclonic event occurrences associated with precipitation in West Antarctica (WA). We demonstrate that multi-day (minimum 3-day duration) anticyclones play a key role in the ABS by dynamically inducing meridional transport, which is associated with heat and moisture advection into WA. This affects surface climate variability and trends, precipitation rates and thus WA ice sheet surface mass balance. We show that the snow accumulation record from the Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) ice core reflects interannual variability of blocking and geopotential height conditions in the ABS/Ross Sea region. Furthermore, our analysis shows that larger precipitation events are related to enhanced anticyclonic circulation and meridional winds, which cause pronounced dipole patterns in air temperature anomalies and sea ice concentrations between the eastern Ross Sea and the Bellingshausen Sea/Weddell Sea, as well as between the eastern and western Ross Sea.

Keywords

Anticyclones Precipitation rates Amundsen Sea Low Meridional transport Ice cores West Antarctica 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that improved the manuscript. We are also grateful for the ERA-Interim reanalysis datasets provided by ECMWF (http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/data/interim-full-daily). This project was supported by the New Zealand Government through GNS Science (Global Change through Time Programme, GNS-540GCT12 and GNS-540GCT32) and Victoria University of Wellington (RDF-VUW-1103). This work is a contribution to the Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) Program, funded by national contributions from New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, Germany, Italy, People’s Republic of China, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States of America. The main logistic support was provided by Antarctica New Zealand (K049) and the US Antarctic Program.

References

  1. Baines PG, Fraedrich K (1989) Topographic effects on the mean tropospheric flow patterns around Antarctica. J Atmos Sci 46:3401–3415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bertler NAN, Barrett PJ, Mayewski PA et al (2004) El Niño suppresses Antarctic warming. Geophys Res Lett 31:n/a-n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2004GL020749 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blackmon ML, Mullen SL, Bates GT (1986) The climatology of blocking events in a perpetual january simulation of a spectral general circulation model. J Atmos Sci 43:1379–1405. 10.1175/1520-0469(1986)043<1379:TCOBEI>2.0.CO;2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bracegirdle TJ (2013) Climatology and recent increase of westerly winds over the Amundsen Sea derived from six reanalyses. Int J Climatol 33:843–851.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3473 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bracegirdle TJ, Marshall GJ (2012) The reliability of Antarctic tropospheric pressure and temperature in the latest global reanalyses. J Clim 25:7138–7146.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00685.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bromwich DH (1988) Snowfall in high southern latitudes. Rev Geophys 26:149–168.  https://doi.org/10.1029/RG026i001p00149 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bromwich DH, Weaver CJ (1983) Latitudinal displacement from main moisture source controls δ18O of snow in coastal Antarctica. Nature 301:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ciasto LM, Simpkins GR, England MH (2014) Teleconnections between Tropical Pacific SST Anomalies and Extratropical Southern Hemisphere Climate. J Clim 28:56–65.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00438.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clausen HB, Dansgaard W, Nielsen JO, Clough JW (1979) Surface accumulation on Ross Ice Shelf. Antarct J United States 14:68–74Google Scholar
  10. Coggins JHJ, McDonald AJ (2015) The influence of the Amundsen Sea Low on the winds in the Ross Sea and surroundings: insights from a synoptic climatology. J Geophys Res Atmos 120:2167–2189.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JD022830 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cohen L, Dea S, Renwick J (2013) Synoptic weather types for the Ross Sea region, Antarctica. J Clim 26:636–649.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00690.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Connolley WM (1997) Variability in annual mean circulation in southern high latitudes. Clim Dyn 13:745–756.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s003820050195 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Costanza CA, Lazzara MA, Keller LM, Cassano JJ (2016) The surface climatology of the Ross Ice Shelf Antarctica. Int J Climatol n/a-n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.4681 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cullather RI, Bromwich DH, Van Woert ML (1996) Interannual variations in Antarctic precipitation related to El Niño-Southern Oscillation. J Geophys Res Atmos 101:19109–19118.  https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD01769 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dee DP, Uppala SM, Simmons AJ et al (2011) The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Q J R Meteorol Soc 137:553–597.  https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.828 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Deser C, Alexander MA, Xie S-P, Phillips AS (2010) Sea surface temperature variability: patterns and mechanisms. Ann Rev Mar Sci 2:115–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ding Q, Steig EJ, Battisti DS, Wallace JM (2012) Influence of the Tropics on the Southern Annular Mode. J Clim 25:6330–6348.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00523.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dole RM (1986) The life cycles of persistent anomalies and blocking over the North Pacific. Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  19. Dole RM, Gordon ND (1983) Persistent anomalies of the extratropical Northern Hemisphere wintertime circulation: geographical distribution and regional persistence characteristics. Mon Weather Rev 111:1567–1586.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1983)111<1567:PAOTEN>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Emanuelsson BD, Baisden WT, Bertler NAN et al (2015) High-resolution continuous-flow analysis setup for water isotopic measurement from ice cores using laser spectroscopy. Atmos Meas Tech 8:2869–2883.  https://doi.org/10.5194/amt-8-2869-2015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. England MH, McGregor S, Spence P et al (2014) Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus. Nat Clim Chang 4:222–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fan T, Deser C, Schneider DP (2014) Recent Antarctic sea ice trends in the context of Southern Ocean surface climate variations since 1950. Geophys Res Lett 41:2419–2426.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL059239 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fretwell P, Pritchard HD, Vaughan DG et al (2013) Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica. Cryosph 7:375–393.  https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-7-375-2013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gonfiantini R (1978) Standards for stable isotope measurements in natural compounds. Nature 271:534–536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harangozo SA (2004) The impact of winter ice retreat on Antarctic winter sea-ice extent and links to the atmospheric meridional circulation. Int J Climatol 24:1023–1044.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.1046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Holland PR, Kwok R (2012) Wind-driven trends in Antarctic sea-ice drift. Nat Geosci 5:872–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hosking JS, Orr A, Marshall GJ et al (2013) The Influence of the Amundsen–Bellingshausen Seas Low on the Climate of West Antarctica and its representation in coupled climate model simulations. J Clim 26:6633–6648.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00813.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hosking JS, Orr A, Bracegirdle TJ, Turner J (2016) Future circulation changes off West Antarctica: Sensitivity of the Amundsen Sea Low to projected anthropogenic forcing. Geophys Res Lett 43:367–376.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2015GL067143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hoskins BJ, McIntyre ME, Robertson AW (1985) On the use and significance of isentropic potential vorticity maps. Q J R Meteorol Soc 111:877–946.  https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.49711147002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jin D, Kirtman BP (2009) Why the Southern Hemisphere ENSO responses lead ENSO. J Geophys Res Atmos.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012657 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jin D, Kirtman BP (2010) How the annual cycle affects the extratropical response to ENSO. J Geophys Res Atmos.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012660 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones JM, Gille ST, Goosse H et al (2016a) Assessing recent trends in high-latitude Southern Hemisphere surface climate. Nat Clim Chang 6:917–926CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jones RW, Renfrew IA, Orr A et al (2016b) Evaluation of four global reanalysis products using in-situ observations in the Amundsen Sea Embayment, Antarctica. J Geophys Res Atmos.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JD024680 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kao H-Y, Yu J-Y (2009) Contrasting Eastern-Pacific and Central-Pacific Types of ENSO. J Clim 22:615–632.  https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2309.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Karoly DJ (1989) Southern hemisphere circulation features associated with El Niño-Southern oscillation events. J Clim 2:1239–1252.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(1989)002<1239:SHCFAW>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kidson JW (1988) Interannual variations in the Southern Hemisphere circulation. J Clim 1:939–953Google Scholar
  37. Kreutz KJ, Mayewski PA, Pittalwala II et al (2000) Sea level pressure variability in the Amundsen Sea region inferred from a West Antarctic glaciochemical record. J Geophys Res Atmos 105:4047–4059.  https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JD901069 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Küttel M, Steig EJ, Ding Q et al (2012) Seasonal climate information preserved in West Antarctic ice core water isotopes: relationships to temperature, large-scale circulation, and sea ice. Clim Dyn 39:1841–1857.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1460-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lachlan-Cope T, Connolley W (2006) Teleconnections between the tropical Pacific and the Amundsen-Bellinghausens Sea: role of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. J Geophys Res Atmos 111:n/a-n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006386 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lachlan-Cope TA, Connolley WM, Turner J (2001) The role of the non-axisymmetric antarctic orography in forcing the observed pattern of variability of the Antarctic climate. Geophys Res Lett 28:4111–4114.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2001GL013465 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lee S-K, Wang C, Mapes BE (2009) A simple atmospheric model of the local and teleconnection responses to tropical heating anomalies. J Clim 22:272–284.  https://doi.org/10.1175/2008JCLI2303.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Lejenäs H (1984) Characteristics of southern hemisphere blocking as determined from a time series of observational dataGoogle Scholar
  43. Lejenäs H, Økland H (1983) Characteristics of northern hemisphere blocking as determined from a long time series of observational data. Tellus A 35A:350–362.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0870.1983.tb00210.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lenaerts JTM, van den Broeke MR, van de Berg WJ et al (2012) A new, high-resolution surface mass balance map of Antarctica (1979–2010) based on regional atmospheric climate modeling. Geophys Res Lett 39:n/a-n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GL050713 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Markle BR, Bertler NAN, Sinclair KE, Sneed SB (2012) Synoptic variability in the Ross Sea region, Antarctica, as seen from back-trajectory modeling and ice core analysis. J Geophys Res Atmos 117:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016437 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Massom RA, Pook MJ, Comiso JC, et al (2004) Precipitation over the interior East Antarctic ice sheet related to midlatitude blocking-high activity. J Clim 17:1914–1928.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<1914:POTIEA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Mo KC (2000) Relationships between low-frequency variability in the Southern Hemisphere and sea surface temperature anomalies. J Clim 13:3599–3610.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<3599:RBLFVI>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Mo KC, Higgins RW (1998) The Pacific–South American modes and tropical convection during the Southern Hemisphere Winter. Mon Weather Rev 126:1581–1596.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<1581:TPSAMA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Nicolas JP, Bromwich DH (2011) Climate of West Antarctica and Influence of Marine Air Intrusions. J Clim 24:49–67.  https://doi.org/10.1175/2010JCLI3522.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Nigro MA, Cassano JJ (2014) Identification of surface wind patterns over the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, using self-organizing maps. Mon Weather Rev 142:2361–2378.  https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00382.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Oliveira FNM, Carvalho LMV, Ambrizzi T (2014) A new climatology for Southern Hemisphere blockings in the winter and the combined effect of ENSO and SAM phases. Int J Climatol 34:1676–1692.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3795 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Parish TR, Cassano JJ, Seefeldt MW (2006) Characteristics of the Ross Ice Shelf air stream as depicted Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System simulations. J Geophys Res Atmos 111:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2005JD006185 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Raphael MN (2007) The influence of atmospheric zonal wave three on Antarctic sea ice variability. J Geophys Res Atmos 112:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JD007852 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Raphael MN, Marshall GJ, Turner J et al (2015) The Amundsen Sea Low: variability, change and impact on Antarctic climate. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 150331122920005.  https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00018.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rayner NA, Parker DE, Horton EB et al (2003) Global analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice, and night marine air temperature since the late nineteenth century. J Geophys Res Atmos 108:1–37.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2002JD002670 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Renwick JA (1998) ENSO-related variability in the frequency of South Pacific blocking. Mon Weather Rev 126:3117–3123.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1998)126<3117:ERVITF>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Renwick JA (2002) Southern Hemisphere circulation and relations with sea ice and sea surface temperature. J Clim 15:3058–3068.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3058:SHCARW>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Renwick JA (2005) Persistent positive anomalies in the Southern Hemisphere circulation. Mon Weather Rev 133:977–988.  https://doi.org/10.1175/MWR2900.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Santer BD, Wigley TML, Boyle JS et al (2000) Statistical significance of trends and trend differences in layer-average atmospheric temperature time series. J Geophys Res Atmos 105:7337–7356.  https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JD901105 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Schneider DP, Okumura Y, Deser C (2012) Observed Antarctic Interannual climate variability and tropical linkages. J Clim 25:4048–4066.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00273.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Schneider DP, Deser C, Fan T (2015) Comparing the impacts of tropical SST variability and polar stratospheric ozone loss on the Southern Ocean westerly winds. J Clim 28:9350–9372.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0090.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Schwierz C, Croci-Maspoli M, Davies HC (2004) Perspicacious indicators of atmospheric blocking. Geophys Res Lett.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2003GL019341 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Simmonds I, Jacka TH (1995) Relationships between the interannual variability of Antarctic Sea Ice and the Southern Oscillation. Am Meteorol Soc 8:637–647Google Scholar
  64. Sinclair MR (1981) Record-high temperatures in the Antarctic—a synoptic case study. Mon Weather Rev 109:2234–2242.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1981)109<2234:RHTITA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Sinclair MR (1996) A climatology of anticyclones and blocking for the Southern Hemisphere. Mon Weather Rev 124:245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sinclair KE, Bertler NAN, Trompetter WJ, Baisden WT (2012) Seasonality of airmass pathways to Coastal Antarctica: ramifications for interpreting High-resolution ice core records. J Clim 26:2065–2076.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00167.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Thompson DWJ, Wallace JM (2000) Annular mode in the extratropical circulation. Part I: month-to-month variability. J Clim. 13:1000–1016. doi:  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2000)013<1000:AMITEC>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Tibaldi S, Tosi E, Navarra A, Pedulli L (1994) Northern and Southern Hemisphere seasonal variability of blocking frequency and predictability. Mon Weather Rev 122:1971–2003.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1994)122<1971:NASHSV>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Trenberth KF, Mo KC (1985) Blocking in the Southern Hemisphere. Mon Weather Rev 113:3–21.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1985)113<0003:BITSH>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Trenberth KE, Fasullo JT, Branstator G, Phillips AS (2014) Seasonal aspects of the recent pause in surface warming. Nat Clim Chang 4:911–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Turner J, Phillips T, Hosking JS et al (2013) The Amundsen Sea low. Int J Climatol 33:1818–1829.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3558 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Turner J, Hosking JS, Marshall GJ et al (2015) Antarctic sea ice increase consistent with intrinsic variability of the Amundsen Sea Low. Clim Dyn 1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-015-2708-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. van Loon H, Shea DJ (1987) The Southern Oscillation. Part VI: anomalies of sea level pressure on the Southern Hemisphere and of Pacific sea surface temperature during the development of a warm event. Mon Weather Rev 115:370–379.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<0370:TSOPVA>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Vance TR, van Ommen TD, Curran MAJ et al (2012) A millennial proxy record of ENSO and Eastern Australian rainfall from the law dome ice core, East Antarctica. J Clim 26:710–725.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00003.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Walsh KJE, Simmonds I, Collier M (2000) Sigma-coordinate calculation of topographically forced baroclinicity around Antarctica. Dyn Atmos Ocean 33:1–29.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0265(00)00054-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Wiedenmann JM, Lupo AR, Mokhov II, Tikhonova EA (2002) The climatology of blocking anticyclones for the Northern and Southern hemispheres: block intensity as a diagnostic. J Clim 15:3459–3473.  https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<3459:TCOBAF>2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Yu J-Y, Paek H, Saltzman ES, Lee T (2015) The early 1990s change in ENSO–PSA–SAM relationships and its impact on Southern Hemisphere climate. J Clim 28:9393–9408.  https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0335.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Zwally HJ (2002) Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998. J Geophys Res.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JC000733 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Daniel Emanuelsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nancy A. N. Bertler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter D. Neff
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • James A. Renwick
    • 4
  • Bradley R. Markle
    • 3
  • W. Troy Baisden
    • 2
    • 5
  • Elizabeth D. Keller
    • 2
  1. 1.Antarctic Research CentreVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  2. 2.National Isotope CentreGNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  3. 3.Quaternary Research Center and Department of Earth and Space SciencesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  4. 4.School of Geography, Environment and Earth SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand
  5. 5.University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations