Climate Dynamics

, Volume 44, Issue 11–12, pp 2965–2977 | Cite as

Different El Niño types and intense typhoons in the Western North Pacific

  • Wei Zhang
  • Yee LeungEmail author
  • Klaus Fraedrich


This study shows that the occurrence of intense typhoons in the western North Pacific is significantly higher in the autumns of the Central Pacific (CP), compared to Eastern Pacific El Niño years. Specifically, (1) The higher occurrence of intense typhoons in CP El Niño autumns is related to a longer typhoon lifespan, maximum potential intensity, ocean heat content, vertical shear of the zonal wind (850–200 hPa), outgoing long-wave radiation, and moist static energy averaged over 1,000–500 hPa. (2) A longer typhoon lifespan in CP El Niño autumns is caused by the westward shift of the subtropical high, which tends to steer typhoon to the west and northwest.


CP El Niño EP El Niño Intense typhoon Western North Pacific 



This research was jointly supported by the Geographical Modeling and Geocomputation program under the Focused Innovation Scheme of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Open Research Funding Program of KLGIS of Ministry of Education at East China Normal University (Grant No. KLGIS2012A04), the Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST, the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, Jiangsu Natural Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scholar (BK20140047) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 41201045).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Earth System Modeling Center (ESMC) and Climate Dynamics Research Center, Nanjing International Academy of Meteorological Sciences (NIAMS), Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education and Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological DisastersNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Resource ManagementThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinChina
  3. 3.Institute of Future CitiesThe Chinese University of Hong KongShatinChina
  4. 4.Climate Change and Sustainability Laboratory, Shenzhen Research InstituteThe Chinese University of Hong KongShenzhenChina
  5. 5.Max Planck Institute for MeteorologyHamburgGermany

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