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Climate Dynamics

, Volume 44, Issue 3–4, pp 735–755 | Cite as

Processes driving intraseasonal displacements of the eastern edge of the warm pool: the contribution of westerly wind events

  • Kyla Drushka
  • Hugo Bellenger
  • Eric Guilyardi
  • Matthieu Lengaigne
  • Jérôme Vialard
  • Gurvan Madec
Article

Abstract

We investigate the processes responsible for the intraseasonal displacements of the eastern edge of the western Pacific warm pool (WPEE), which appear to play a role in the onset and development of El Niño events. We use 25 years of output from an ocean general circulation model experiment that is able to accurately capture the observed displacements of the WPEE, sea level anomalies, and upper ocean zonal currents at intraseasonal time scales in the western and central Pacific Ocean. Our results confirm that WPEE displacements driven by westerly wind events (WWEs) are largely controlled by zonal advection. This paper has also two novel findings: first, the zonal current anomalies responsible for the WPEE advection are driven primarily by local wind stress anomalies and not by intraseasonal wind-forced Kelvin waves as has been shown in most previous studies. Second, we find that intraseasonal WPEE fluctuations that are not related to WWEs are generally caused by intraseasonal variations in net heat flux, in contrast to interannual WPEE displacements that are largely driven by zonal advection. This study hence raises an interesting question: can surface heat flux-induced zonal WPEE motions contribute to El Niño–Southern Oscillation evolution, as WWEs have been shown to be able to do?

Keywords

Westerly wind events Western Pacific warm pool Air–sea interaction El Niño Intraseasonal variability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) project METRO grant number 2010-BLAN-616-01. We gratefully acknowledge Benoît Vannière and Christian Ethé for help with running the model, and Sébastien Masson for useful feedback. We additionally thank three anonymous reviewers for their suggestions. Computations were carried out at the CNRS supercomputing centre (IDRIS).

Supplementary material

382_2014_2297_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.3 mb)
Supplementary Figure S1 (pdf 1,284 KB)
382_2014_2297_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (883 kb)
Supplementary Figure S2 (pdf 884 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyla Drushka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hugo Bellenger
    • 1
  • Eric Guilyardi
    • 1
  • Matthieu Lengaigne
    • 1
  • Jérôme Vialard
    • 1
  • Gurvan Madec
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Océanographie Expérimentation et Approches Numériques, CNRS, IRD, MNHN, UPMCParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Applied Physics LaboratoryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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