Climate Dynamics

, Volume 41, Issue 3–4, pp 901–916 | Cite as

Quasi-stationarity of centennial Northern Hemisphere midlatitude winter storm tracks

  • Lan XiaEmail author
  • Hans von Storch
  • Frauke Feser


The winter storm activity on the Northern Hemisphere during the last one thousand years in a global climate simulation was analyzed by determining all midlatitude storms and their tracks, then consecutively clustering them for hundred years’ segments. Storm track clusters with longest lifetime and largest deepening rates are found over the oceans. The numbers of extratropical winter storms exhibit notable yearly variability but hardly any variability on centennial time scales. The clusters of these storm tracks also show only small differences between the centuries. The numbers of members in neighboring oceanic clusters are negatively correlated. A linear relationship was found between the numbers of members per storm track clusters over the Pacific or Atlantic Ocean and seasonal mean atmospheric circulation patterns by a canonical correlation analysis.


Cyclone North Atlantic Oscillation Canonical Correlation Analysis Storm Track Extratropical Cyclone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Eduardo Zorita for providing ECHO-G simulation data, his support with statistic routines, and helpful discussions. We appreciate Kevin I. Hodges help with his tracking algorithm which was used for our study. The NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data were provided by the National Centre for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). We thank Beate Geyer for providing the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data and technical supports. We also thank Beate Gardeike for her help to prepare the figures. This work was funded by the China Scholarship Council (CSC) and the Institute of Coastal Research Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht within the framework of the Junior Scientist Exchange Program organised by the CSC and the Helmholtz Association of German research centres (HGF). This work is a contribution to the “Helmholtz Climate Initiative REKLIM” (Regional Climate Change), a joint research project of HGF. The authors thank two anonymous reviewers for constructive comments that helped to improve this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Coastal ResearchHelmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany

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