Climate Dynamics

, Volume 38, Issue 7–8, pp 1421–1431 | Cite as

Greening in the circumpolar high-latitude may amplify warming in the growing season

  • Jee-Hoon Jeong
  • Jong-Seong KugEmail author
  • Baek-Min Kim
  • Seung-Ki Min
  • Hans W. Linderholm
  • Chang-Hoi Ho
  • David Rayner
  • Deliang Chen
  • Sang-Yoon Jun


We present a study that suggests greening in the circumpolar high-latitude regions amplifies surface warming in the growing season (May–September) under enhanced greenhouse conditions. The investigation used a series of climate simulations with the Community Atmospheric Model version 3—which incorporates a coupled, dynamic global vegetation model—with and without vegetation feedback, under both present and doubled CO2 concentrations. Results indicate that climate warming and associated changes promote circumpolar greening with northward expansion and enhanced greenness of both the Arctic tundra and boreal forest regions. This leads to additional surface warming in the high-latitudes in the growing season, primarily through more absorption of incoming solar radiation. The resulting surface and tropospheric warming in the high-latitude and Arctic regions weakens prevailing tropospheric westerlies over 45–70N, leading to the formation of anticyclonic pressure anomalies in the Arctic regions. These pressure anomalies resemble the anomalous circulation pattern during the negative phase of winter Arctic Oscillation. It is suggested that these circulation anomalies reinforce the high-latitude and Arctic warming in the growing season.


Vegetation Arctic warming Arctic greening Climate model Future climate Atmospheric circulation Surface energy budget 



JH Jeong acknowledges support from the centre of Earth System Science at University of Gothenburg (TELLUS) and APEC Climate Center (APCC) international research project. BM Kim was supported by Korea Meteorological Administration Research and Development Program under Grant RACS_2011-2019 (PN11020). JS KUG was supported by KORDI (PE98651). This work was partly supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 20090093458). The authors are thankful for technical support for CAM3-DGVM experiments by Dr. Su-Jong Jeong, and the insightful comments from three anonymous reviewers.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jee-Hoon Jeong
    • 1
  • Jong-Seong Kug
    • 2
    Email author
  • Baek-Min Kim
    • 3
  • Seung-Ki Min
    • 4
  • Hans W. Linderholm
    • 1
  • Chang-Hoi Ho
    • 5
  • David Rayner
    • 1
  • Deliang Chen
    • 1
  • Sang-Yoon Jun
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  2. 2.Korea Ocean Research and Development InstituteAnsanKorea
  3. 3.Korea Polar Research InstituteInchonKorea
  4. 4.Climate Research DivisionEnvironment CanadaTorontoCanada
  5. 5.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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