Advertisement

Climate Dynamics

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 463–476 | Cite as

Characteristics of anomalous precipitation events over eastern China during the past five centuries

  • Caiming ShenEmail author
  • Wei-Chyung Wang
  • Zhixin Hao
  • Wei Gong
Article

Abstract

Characteristics of anomalous precipitation events during the past five centuries in North China (NC) and the middle-lower Yangtze River Valley (MLYRV) were investigated using the data network of dryness/wetness index (DWI) over eastern China. The high occurrence frequency of anomalous precipitation events mainly occurred at periods of high solar forcing, active volcanic eruption, and large anthropogenic forcing (the twentieth century). Coherence and dipole were the two dominant modes in spatial patterns of anomalous precipitation events. Coherent floods dominated the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, whereas coherent droughts occurred frequently in the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. The dipole patterns of anomalous precipitation events were the most frequent in the twentieth century. NC experienced more floods in the cold periods than warm periods. Both NC and the MLYRV experienced far fewer droughts and more floods in the warm eighteenth century when natural climate forcing dominated, and more droughts in the twentieth century when anthropogenic forcing dominated. Coherent drought was the only spatial pattern of precipitation significantly associated with explosive low-latitude volcanic eruptions. The increased coherent droughts and dipole patterns in the twentieth century support the findings of previous modeling studies that the tropospheric aerosols and human-induced land cover changes play important roles in the changes of summer rainfall over eastern China.

Keywords

Anomalous precipitation events Drought Flood Spatial pattern Eastern China 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Office of Sciences, US Department of Energy (DOE). ZH is a visiting postdoctoral from the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences under the US DOE-PRC Ministry of Sciences and Technology joint agreement, “Climate Sciences”.

Supplementary material

382_2007_323_MOESM1_ESM.doc (26 kb)
(DOC 26 kb)

References

  1. Adams JB, Mann ME, Ammann CM (2003) Proxy evidence for an El nino-like response to volcanic forcing. Nature 426:274–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bradbury JA (2006) Reconstructing the East Asian monsoon response to major volcanic eruptions: a test of model skill with instrumental and paleoclimate data. PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, p 254Google Scholar
  3. Briffa KR, Jones PD, Schweingruber FH, Osborn TJ (1998) Influence of volcanic eruptions on northern hemisphere summer temperature over the past 600 years. Nature 393:450–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang CP, Zhang Y, Li T (2000) Interanual and interdecadal variation of the East Asian summer monsoon rainfall and tropical SSTs: part 1, roles of the subtropical ridge. J Climatol 13:4310–4325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Changnon SA, Changnon JM, Hewings GD (2001) Losses caused by weather and climate extremes: a national index for the United States. Physical Geogr 22:1–27Google Scholar
  6. Chapman L, Thornes JE (2003) The use of geographical information systems in climatology and meteorology. Progr Phys Geogr 27:313–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. CNMA (Chinese National Meteorological Administration) (1981) Yearly charts of dryness/wetness in China for the last 500-year period, Chinese Cartographic Publishing House, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  8. Ding Y (1991) Monsoons over China. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, p 419Google Scholar
  9. Easterling DR, Meehl GA, Parmesan C, Changnon SA, Karl TR, Mearns LO (2000) Climate extremes: observations, modeling, and impacts. Science 289:2068–2074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fu C (2002) Can human induced land-cover change modify the monsoon system? In: Steffan W, Jager J, Carson WJ, Bradshaw C (eds) Challenges of a changing earth. Springer, Berlin, pp 133–136Google Scholar
  11. Fu C (2003) Impacts of human-induced land cover change on East Asia monsoon. Glob Planet Change 37:219–229Google Scholar
  12. Ge Q, Zheng J, Fang X, Man Z, Zhang X, Zhang P, Wang WC (2003) Winter half-year temperature reconstruction for the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and Yangtze River, China, during the past 2000 years. Holocene 13:933–940CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gong D, Wang S (2000a) Severe summer rainfall in China associated with enhanced global warming. Clim Res 16:51–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grissino-Mayer H (1995) Tree-ring reconstructions of climate and fire history at El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico. Dissertation. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USAGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo Q (1985) The variations of summer monsoon in East Asia and the rainfall over China. J Tropical Meteor 1:44–52Google Scholar
  16. Guo Q (1994) Monsoon and droughts/floods in China. In: Ding Y (ed) Asian monsoon, China Meteorology Press, Beijing, pp 65–75Google Scholar
  17. Guo Q, Sha W (1996) Relationship between precipitation and temperature changes. In: Shi Y, Zhang P (eds) Historical climate change in China, Shandong Science and Technology Press, Jinan, pp 464–467Google Scholar
  18. Hayes M, Svoboda M, Wilhite DA (2000) Monitoring drought using the standardized precipitation index. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought, vol I, A global assessment, Routledge, London, pp 168–180Google Scholar
  19. Hu Z, Wu R, Kinter J, Yang S (2005) Connection of summer rainfall variations in South and East Asia: role of El nino/southern oscillation. Int J Climatol 25:1279–1289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Huang R, Zhou L, Chen W (2003) The progresses of recent studies on the variability of the East Asian monsoon and their causes. Adv Atmos Sci 20:55–69Google Scholar
  21. IPCC (2002) Workshop report of Intergovernmental panel on climate change. Workshop on changes in extreme weather and climate events, Beijing, p 107Google Scholar
  22. Jones PD, Mann ME (2004) Climate over past millennia. Rev Geophys 42:1–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li Q, Yang S, Kousky VE, Higgins RW, Lau KM, Xie P (2005) Features of cross-Pacific climate shown in the variability of China and US precipitation. Int J Climatol 25:1675–1696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Luo Y, Zhao Z, Ding Y (2002) Ability of NCAR RegCM2 in producing the dominant physical processes during anomalous rainfall episodes in the summer of 1991 over the Yangtze-Haihe Valley. Adv Atmos Sci. 19:200–208Google Scholar
  25. Mantua NJ, Hare SR (2002) The Pacific decadal oscillation. J Oceanogr 58:35–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Menon S, Hansen J, Nazarenko L, Luo Y (2002) Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science 297:2250–2253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Qian W, Lin X (2005) Regional trends in recent precipitation indices in China. Meteorol Atmos Phys 90:193–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Qian W, Hu Q, Zhu Y, Lee DK (2003a) Centennial-scale dry–wet variation in East Asia. Clim Dyn 21:77–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Qian W, Chen D, Zhu Y, Shen H (2003b) Temporal and spatial variability of dryness/wetness in China during the last 530 years. Theor Appl Climatol 76:13–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Qian Y, Zheng Y, Zhang Y, Miao M (2003c) Responses of China’s summer monsoon climate to snow anomaly over the Tibetan Plateau. Int J Climatol 23:593–613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Qian W, Zhu Y (2001) Climate change in China from 1880 to 1998 and its impact on the environmental condition. Clim Change 50:419–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Robock A, Liu Y (1994) The volcanic signal in Goddard Institute for Space Studies three-dimensional model simulations. J Climatol 7:44–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Robock A, Mu M, Vinnikov K, Robinson D (2003) Land surface conditions over Eurasia and Indian summer monsoon rainfall. J Geophys Res 108(D4):4131. doi: 10.1029/2002JD002286 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ronberg B, Wang WC (1987) Climate patterns derived from Chinese proxy precipitation records: an evaluation of the station networks and statistical techniques. J Climatol 7:391–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Samel AN, Wang WC, Liang XZ (1999) The monsoon rainband over China and relationships with the Eurasian circulation. J Climatol 12:115–131Google Scholar
  36. Shi Y, Yao T, Yang B (1999) Decadal climate variations in Guliya ice core and a comparison with historical records over eastern China during the last 2,000 years. Sci Chin D 29(suppl):79–86Google Scholar
  37. Song J (2000) Changes in dryness/wetness in China during the last 529 years. Int J Climatol 20:1003–1015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Sun A, Liu X, Gao B (1998) Change trends of extreme climate events in China. Acta Meteor Sin 12:129–141Google Scholar
  39. Svoboda M, LeCompte D, Hayes M, Heim R, Gleason K, Angel J, Rippey B, Tinker R, Palecki M, Stooksbury D, Miskus D, Stephens S (2002) The drought monitor. Bull Am Meteor Soc 83:1181–1190Google Scholar
  40. Tan X (2003) The study of major droughts in China during the past 500 years. J Disaster Prev Mitigation Eng 23:77–83Google Scholar
  41. Wang S, Zhao Z (1981) Droughts and floods in China, 1470–1979. In: Wigley TML, Ingram MJ, Farmer G (eds) Climate and history. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 271–288Google Scholar
  42. Wang B, Wu R, Fu X (2000a) Pacific–East Asian teleconnection: how does ENSO affect East Asian climate? J Climatol 13:1517–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang S, Ye J, Qian W (2000b) Predictability of drought in China. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought, vol I. A global assessment. Routledge, London, pp 100–112Google Scholar
  44. Wu T, Qian Z (2003) The relation between the Tibetan winter snow and the Asian summer monsoon and rainfall: an observational investigation. J Climatol 16:2038–2051CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wu MC, Chan JCL (2005) Observational relationships between summer and winter monsoons over East Asia, part II: results. Int J Climatol 25:453–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wu S, Yin Y, Zheng D, Yang Q (2006) Moisture conditions and climate trends in China during the period 1971–2000. Int J Climatol 26:193–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xu Q (2001) Abrupt change of the mid-summer climate in central east China by the influence of atmospheric pollution. Atmos Environ 35:5029–5040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yan Z, Ye D, Wang C (1992) Climatic jumps in the flood/drought historical chronology of central China. Clim Dyn 6:153–160Google Scholar
  49. Yang F, Lau KM (2004) Trend and variability of China precipitation in spring and summer: linkage to sea-surface temperatures. Int J Climatol 24:1625–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zhai PM, Sun AJ, Ren FM, Liu XN, Gao B, Zhang Q (1999) Changes of climate extremes in China. Clim Change 24:203–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhai PM, Zhang X, Wan H, Pan X (2005) Trends in total precipitation and frequency of daily precipitation extremes over China. J Climatol 18:1096–1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhang D (1988) The method for reconstruction of the dryness/wetness series in China for the last 500 years and its reliability. In: Zhang J (ed) The reconstruction of climate in china for historical times. Science, Beijing, pp 18–31Google Scholar
  53. Zhang J, Crowley TJ (1989) Historical climate records in China and reconstruction of past climates (1470–1970). J Climatol 2:833–849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang F, Zhang X (1994) The relation between large volcanic eruption in the world and the drought/flood in summer in China. J Nat Disasters 3:40–46Google Scholar
  55. Zhang D, Li X, Liang Y (2003) Supplement of yearly charts of dryness/wetness in China for the last 500-year period, 1993–2000. J Appl Meteor Sci 14:379–389Google Scholar
  56. Zhang YS, Li T, Wang B (2004) Decadal change of the spring snow depth over the Tibetan Plateau: the associated circulation and influence on the East Asian summer monsoon. J Climatol 17:2780–2793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zheng S, Feng L (1986) Historical evidence of climate instability above normal in cool period in China. Sci Sin B29:441–448Google Scholar
  58. Zhu W, Wang S (2001) 80a-oscillation of summer rainfall over the east part of China and East Asia monsoon. Adv Atmos Sci 18:1043–1051Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caiming Shen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei-Chyung Wang
    • 1
  • Zhixin Hao
    • 1
  • Wei Gong
    • 1
  1. 1.Atmospheric Sciences Research CenterState University of New YorkAlbanyUSA

Personalised recommendations