Climate Dynamics

, Volume 25, Issue 2–3, pp 329–336 | Cite as

Distinct modes of bidecadal and multidecadal variability in a climate reconstruction of the last centuries from a South Pacific coral

  • Mihai Dima
  • Thomas Felis
  • Gerrit Lohmann
  • Norel Rimbu
Article

Abstract

The Rarotonga coral Sr/Ca time series (Linsley et al. in Science 290:1145–1148, 2000) provides a near-monthly resolved proxy record of South Pacific climate variability over the last ~300 years. Here we show that two distinct interdecadal, quasi-periodic time components with periods of ~80 and ~25 years can be identified in this time series by Singular Spectrum Analysis. Their associated spatial patterns in the global sea surface temperature (SST) field show notable differences. Whereas the multidecadal component is associated with a global SST pattern that was recently associated with solar forcing on multidecadal timescales, the bidecadal component is associated with a well known pattern of Pacific decadal to interdecadal SST variability.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihai Dima
    • 1
    • 3
  • Thomas Felis
    • 2
  • Gerrit Lohmann
    • 3
  • Norel Rimbu
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeosciencesUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.DFG-Research Center for Ocean MarginsUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  3. 3.Alfred Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany

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